The information contained in this website is for general health information only. This Web site is not to be used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment of any health condition or problem. Users of this Website should not rely on information provided on this Web site for their own health problems. Any questions regarding your own health should be addressed to your own physician or other healthcare providers. Alternative Hope makes no warranties nor expresses or implied representations whatsoever regarding the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, comparative or controversial nature, or usefulness of any information contained or referenced on this Web site. Alternative Hope does not assume any risk whatsoever for your use of this website or the information contained herein. Health-related information changes frequently and therefore information contained on this Web site may be outdated, incomplete or incorrect. Statements, comments and other information made about products or services within this site have been made public on other websites, publications or blogs (see reference list below). We have simply put this information together for you in one location. You can view quite a bit of the information on our site via conducting research on the internet and viewing the content directly from the sites listed below. We have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Use of this Web site does not create an expressed or implied physician-patient relationship.
Information reference list.

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  • https://draxe.com/matcha-green-tea-burns-fat-and-kills-cancer/
  • https://experiencelife.com/article/supergreens/
  • http://www.nutritionsecrets.com/wheatgrass-cancer-killing-super-food/
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  • https://www.canceractive.com/cancer-active-page-link.aspx?n=534

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About Us

Welcome to the internet's largest discount alternative healing directory. This site is 100% interactive. You may scroll over and click to open books, view pictures, save on products, watch video media, contact us or listen to music. When reading a book double click on the corners of the page to turn the page.

Alternative treatments are increasing as the world slowly starts to awaken to new options. There are hundreds of different modalities that have been extremely effective. You may view a few of these options here. The goal of this site is to not only provide you with a spot where you can find discounted alternative treatments, products and insurance. We also want to help replace your fear with love and hope. We have a multitude of tools on this site that will help you with emotions and assist you in living a happy, healthy and peaceful life. So let us take a look at one of the most feared illness we could face or could be facing (cancer). Every single human being on the planet has cancer cells in their bodies.  The good news is that, for most of us, our body's natural defenses know how to defeat these defective, tumor-causing cells, and they never get the chance to grow up into a full-blown cancer. The fact that only 5-10% of all cancer cases are due to genetic defects and that the remaining 90-95% are due to environment and lifestyle choices.  The American Cancer Society says
40% of men born today can expect to develop cancer in their lifetime. In the year 1900, 3% could expect to develop cancer in their lifetime. With statistics like these we need to take a more hands on approach at prevention. We have been gathering information from all over the world for several years. There is so much information on the net about cancer it could make your head spin. Our goal at Alternative Hope was not only to provide you with all of this information but also present it in a way that will help you take action immediately. If you want to learn the most powerful exercises to fight or prevent cancer (we have compiled 11 of the best exercises and you can click on our media files and follow along to a video in the comfort of your own home. We have put the best supplements in a bundle fo you so you get everything you need at once. We have even put together a grocery shopping list so you can purchase the best cancer fighting foods and ulitlize the recipies you find in this site.


A pH variation occurs in the blood toward the acid side in very minute detectable quantities caused by physical abuse of the body: drugs, chemicals, stress, poor nutrition, fear, anxiety, and prolonged negative emotions. It is believed that this change in pH activates the cancer mycoplasma which, coupled with lack of oxygen in the blood, causes a fertile breeding ground for mycoplasma (Progenitor Cryptocides) bacteria otherwise known as cancer. There is a growing conviction among researchers and physicians that cancer is a complex disease that effects the entire body and not just the specialized cells of a specific organ system.

A tumor is the result of the disease, it is not the disease. Therefore, localized treatment such as surgery, radiation or chemotherapy, when used alone to remove a localized tumor, merely delays the appearance of another tumor because the actual cause of the immune dysfunction has not been removed. Within this site you will find information that will help you address the the underlying basic systemic causes of cancer.

All health issues fall under the 6 categories of imbalance.

  • Circuitry - The organs, glands and muscles that make up our physical body.
  • Energetic - These are generally trapped emotions.
  • Pathogens - Fungal, Bacterial, Viral, mold and Parasites.
  • Nutritional - The food we eat, including herbs and nutrients.
  • Structural - The bones, nerves, and connective tissue.
  • Toxicity - Heavy metals, free radicals, chemicals and other environmental toxins.

If you have NOT been diagnosed with cancer,  immediately start a clean eating/drinking routine, reduction of chemicals in your environment, start a detoxification routine, and  quickly subscribe to alternative health care insurance at the following link Click Here

If you have been diagnosed with cancer quickly watch the survivor series Click Here. It is important to know that there are a very large volume cancer survivors and let their stories inspire you to do the same.  We have several products and services that can help you beat cancer. But please stop the following. 

1. Stop drinking and bathing in tap water; use a chlorine shower filter
2. Stop using fluoride toothpaste
3. Stop using anti-perspirant; (you've got armpits for a reason) Deodorant, OK, if non-aluminum
4. Stop using Teflon coated cookware
5. Stop cooking most of your food, go raw as much as possible
6. Cut out TV dinners and microwave cooked food
7. Discard dairy products except for the Budwig protocol (occasional goat milk OK)
8. Stop drinking regular and diet sodas, products with added sugar and/or aspartame, and acid-forming beverages including sports drinks. Stop drinking bottled water. Use filtered water and if possible, ionized water.
9. Cut down red meat consumption -- once per week acceptable, if organic
10. Don't eat farm fed fish, buy it Wild, please

The information within this site could be researched by anyone if they know where to look, however it would take a long time to collect all of the data on your own.  This is the most complete site in regards to the details pertaining to alternative cancer options. We have visited clinics outside the borders of this country and adopted many of the treatments. The products and services in this directory contains, video documentation, text documentation, product doses, dose frequencies, the location to purchase each product and service, special instructions and the price of each product and service. We also have the most extensive alternative treatment contact directory, complete with the contact name and number of  many hard to find alternative treatment centers. Just sit back and view the details of each product in our Hope TV network. See samples below.

Supplements: Click Here
Treatments: Click Here
Clinics: Click Here
Detox: Click Here
Diet Protocols: Click Here
Equipment: Click Here
Emotional health: Click Here
Energy protocols: Click Here
Gut health: Click Here
Nutrition: Click Here
Exercise: Click Here
Natural products: Click Here


Suggestions:  In additions to the list of things to stop doing above.

1. I would like to suggest starting with a detox and gut health protocol (choose a florra product for bacteria, a detox product, start taking enzymes and at least 2 coffee enemas every day).  Removal of toxic dental fillings.
2. Change your diet to an all organic, raw/vegan, gmo free and dairy free diet utilizing all of the cancer prevention foods, teas and herbs. I would incorporate the budwig protocol and the Gerson diet to your daily life. 
3. Get plenty of rest sunshine and exercise. 
4. Purchase at least 2 alternative cancer machines.
5. Drink lots of water and treat your water with a water devise such as a Halo machine (advanced cancer patients use DMS  in your water.
6.  Contact an Chi-gong master to perform energy healing or purchase dvd. You can also look into distant healers and reiki.
7. Meditate, practice yoga  and go over other techniques to handle your stress and emotions.
8. Purchase at least 10 supplements that would focus on different benefits. The way I look at it, if a single  supplement could be responsible for 1% of the success of beating cancer, what would 100 know cancer supplements yield. Benefits could include Immune booster, Anti-inflammatory, Stem Cell repair, Alkaline agents,  anti-metastasis. cell repair, facilitates energy charge transfer at the cellular level,  facilitates apoptosis, delivers energy in the cellular level, atp controllers, pain relievers oxidizers, etc...
9.  Find a clinic that would fit your needs and budget. 
10.  Subscribe to our membership and receive one of our Alternative package deals that offers pre-selected products all in one package. Bundles could include but are not limited to food, dvd's,  instructions, equipment, supplements, and detoxification kits. Members also receive 10% off of all supplements/devises and $200 off treatment plans.

The books you see on this site are absolutely priceless. Many companies could charge thousands of dollars to share the kind of life saving knowledge you are about to discover. Well we are not many companies. We want to spread the word and help stop this horrific disease. Feel free to read the entire library one by one simply by click on your book of choice. Many of the books below will also provide you with an option to view media on our hope tv network.



One of our mission statements at Alternative Hope is to provide consumers with information that could lead to better health at the lowest possible cost. The majority of the products reviewed on this site is sold on Amazon, so we have been have adopted a strategy to save you money with your Amazon purchases. Alternative Hope set up a reseller account and rather than collecting the reseller commissions that we receive from selling Amazon products on our site, we are giving them to you. Unfortunately this cannot be done at the time of the purchase, so commission checks will be passed on to you as rebate checks. We are also setting up deals with clinics, treatment centers, equipment vendors, Nutritionists, Energy Healers, and Fitness instructors in your area, and will be able to provide gift certificates soon. Please take your time and shop around. When you have found all of the items you wish to purchase, please fill out the form below so we can mail you your rebate check. Be sure to remember the product links regarding the Amazon items you are going to purchase so you can enter them into the form below. Prior to purchasing any non-Amazon items, check below to see if we have coupon codes for that item. If we do enter the item in the form below. Please keep in mind, we will be consistently putting forth our best effort to add coupon codes to all products and services.


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Accelerated Resolution Therapy, A.R.T.   

Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) is a form of psychotherapy with roots in existing evidence-based therapies but shown to achieve benefits much more rapidly (usually within 1-5 sessions).  Utilizing REM (rapid eye movement) to eliminate negative images and replace them with positive ones, A.R.T. enables clients to experience a ‘rapid recovery’ from numerous difficulties such as depression, anxiety, panic attacks, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, and many other mental and physical health conditions. Clients experience remarkable benefits from A.R.T. starting in the first session. The sessions utilize creative story telling techniques to separate a negative emotion from a memory, “keeping the knowledge while losing the pain.”


Acupuncture is a 3,500 year old healing art from China. It is a virtually painless procedure that uses ultra-fine, sterile, disposable, stainless steel needles to unblock areas where Qi (energy) has become blocked. It boosts the body’s Qi and bodily fluids when they have become depleted, and re-establishes their smooth and healthy flow. The needles stimulate specific acupuncture points located just below the skin’s surface on energy channels that flow through the body. Many people feel extremely relaxed and refreshed after an acupuncture treatment.

Art Therapy

Art Therapy is an established mental health profession that uses the creative process of art making to improve and enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-being of individuals of all ages. It integrates the fields of human development, with visual art, drawing, painting, sculpture and other art forms. It  incorporates the creative process with models of counseling and psychotherapy. How does it work? Art therapy is based on the belief that the creative process helps people to resolve conflicts and problems, develop interpersonal skills, manage behavior, reduces stress, increase self-esteem and self-awareness and helps achieve insight. Simultaneously, while making the transition to health, participants produce art that can be enjoyed for years to come and is a reminder of the progress they made.  What art making does is illuminate and bring to consciousness the inner conflicts and self defeating thought patterns that get in the way of a person becoming a fully integrated and healthy individual. When a person can see the images from the subconscious, by drawing the symbols that were hidden, they can realize what needs to change, and then it can become easier to resolve particular conflicts. Treatment may help in addressing these issues: Anxiety, Depression, Mental & Emotional Problems, Mood Disorders, Dissociation, Phobias, Substance Abuse or Addictions, Family & Relationship Issues, Abuse & Domestic Violence, Trauma, Loss, Bereavement, ADHD and Behavioral Problems.

Astrological Reading

The ancient art and science of Astrology has infinite paths and uses, as it is a divine mirror of our Cosmos. From the point of view of your life here on Earth, your personal Natal Chart serves as a blueprint to help you understand your place in this incarnation. While your Astrological chart describes your personality traits and tendencies, through compassionate conversation with an Astrologer, the birth chart becomes enlivened with your story, and can confirm who you are — your challenges, gifts and potentials; the timing of events; your significant life cycles, and your greatest path of fulfillment. Birth time accuracy is extremely helpful:  please check your birth certificate in advance of the reading. These readings are not about diagnosis of health issues, though they reveal underlying tendencies and early life experiences.  Another caveat , the focus of these readings is not to foretell the future, instead they aim to show you where the energies are and the possibilities that serve your highest good.

Aura and Chakra Healing

An aura and chakra healing session begins with clearing foreign energy from the client’s space that may be blocking his/her system from healing.   The initial clearing is followed by a psychic reading – through visuals and past life stories, some meaning to the current illness or situation may reveal itself.

Ayurvedic Medicine

Ayurveda, the science of life, is the language of alignment. This holistic framework has brought forth true health and wellness to millions of individuals throughout the ages with simple changes in daily living practices. Incorporating just a few of these proven methods into your lifestyle can bring about radical changes in your life. These methods include herbs, healing food, harmony of seasons, minerals, oil, detoxification, yoga, meditation & daily regimen.

This ancient art of healing has been practiced continuously for over 5,000 years. The principles of many natural healing systems now familiar in the West, such as Homeopathy and Polarity Therapy, have their roots in Ayurveda. Ayurvedic practices restore the balance and harmony of the individual, resulting in self-healing, good health and longevity. Practitioners check your pulse, doing a micro intake/consult, recommending an individualized daily regimen, and doing a Nasya treatment.  A Nasya treatment involves applying herbal medicated oil in the nose to clear, stimulate and lubricate the pineal gland.  This will be followed by Mukha Abhyanga (a micro face massage using the oils).

Bio Feedback Therapy

Biofeedback is a training technique in which people are taught to improve their Physical, mental, emotional spiritual health and performance by using signals from their own bodies. It is a technique that makes unconscious or involuntary bodily and neurological  processes (such as heartbeats or  brainwaves perceptible to the senses in order to manipulate them by conscious mental control.  The field of mind-body medicine is based on the premise that mental or emotional processes (the mind) can affect physiologic function (the body). An example of this is the human emotions of anger and hostility that can affect the heart.

Biophoton Therapy 

The Chiren®  instrument developed by Johan Boswinkel allows the biontologist™ to tune into his/her client and measure where the biophotons are emitting chaotic light.  With this information, the biontologist can correct the chaotic light.  The Chiren instrument inverts your biophotons to neutralize any disturbing signals, thus allowing the body to restore it’s own self-healing system.  Biophoton therapy has achieved scientific recognition, and in 2008 training in biophotons became available at the Master’s and Doctoral level through the Complementary Health Sciences program of Inter-University College in Graz, Austria which represents more than 30 European universities. To date, 17 Master’s theses have demonstrated the effectiveness of the Chiren.

Brennan Healing Science

Brennan Healing Science is the practice of healers who have completed the four year, Healing Science Training at the Barbara Brennan School of Healing. It is an enlightening system of healing that combines hands-on healing techniques with spiritual and psychological processes touching every aspect of life. Dr. Barbara Brennan, the School’s founder, is a world-renowned healer, teacher and former NASA physicist, and the best-selling author of Hands of Light®, Light Emerging and the Seeds of the Spirit® book series. She has devoted the last 30 years to research and exploration of the Human Energy Field.


Chiropractic is a healthcare discipline that emphasizes the instinctive power of the body to heal itself without the use of drugs or surgery. Diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, and the effects of these disorders on the functions of the nervous system and general health are primary goals. There is an emphasis on manual treatments including spinal adjustment and other joint and soft-tissue manipulation.

Clairvoyant Reading

We all have energetic bodies in addition to our physical bodies and we are multidimensional beings with “various layers of self” that influence our lives. A clairvoyant reading helps us get in touch with these various aspects of ourselves, aligning us more fully with our true hearts, our true selves, and our purpose. During a clairvoyant reading you will receive information about what is happening in the different layers of your Aura which correspond to the seven chakras in your energy bodies. You can have a general reading or you can pick a question or theme for your reading such as relationship, finances, health, family issues, or a topic of your own choosing. You can also choose to have a past life reading, or to spend the session getting help communicating with your spirit guides. During a reading you will naturally find that you are releasing old patterns, letting go of limiting beliefs, and feeling a growing confidence in your path in life. For the last ten minutes of your appointment you can choose to continue with the reading or to receive a ten-minute aura/chakra healing. An aura/chakra healing helps to cleanse and refresh your energetic body. People generally feel more grounded, centered, joyful, clear-headed, and connected to self after receiving an aura/chakra healing. This type of healing is primarily a hands-off healing with a few light touches.

Colon Hydrotherapy

Colon hydrotherapy is often referred to as colon irrigation, colonics, colon therapy, high colonic or high enemas.  It is the gentle infusion of filtered, sterilized, temperature-controlled water into the colon via a sterile, disposable rectal tube.  The water safely flushes out the impacted toxins and waste matter.  When used in conjunction with a good diet and exercise, colon hydrotherapy can be an effective means to greater health!!

Couples Counseling
This is a therapy aimed at improving communication within intimate relationships. Depending upon the particular issues and goals presented by each person, various approaches are utilized to explore established patterns of relating and to improve problem areas (e.g., faulty perceptions, ineffective listening, anger and blaming, conflict, withdrawal, negative nonverbal messages, etc.). The focus is not so much on the individuals as on the dynamics that have been created and maintained between both people. The benefits of the sessions are in learning more satisfying ways of interacting and promoting greater intimacy.

Craniosacral Therapy

Craniosacral Therapy gently works with the spine, the skull, and its cranial sutures, diaphragms, and fascia to ease restrictions of nerve passages and to harmonize and balance the movement of cerebrospinal fluid through the spinal cord. It can also help to realign misaligned musculoskeletal structures. Craniosacral therapy is said to ease mental stress, neck and back pain, and is helpful in alleviating the symptoms of headaches, TMJ, fibromyalgia, and many other conditions.

The Emotion Code

The Emotion Code is a quantum healing modality that helps us to identify and literally release trapped emotions which are harmful emotional energies from negative past events. Trapped emotions can cause depression and anxiety; they can block people from love and happiness and make them feel disconnected from others; and because trapped emotions are made of energy, just like the rest of the body, they exert an influence on the physical tissues, and can cause acute pain and illness, even cancer. Releasing trapped emotions makes conditions right for the body to heal, so physical and emotional difficulties often disappear or become much more manageable.  First the practitioner identifies the trapped emotion to be released using muscle testing.  Once identified, the trapped emotion is released permanently.

Emotional Freedom Techniques EFT

Based on the ancient principles of acupuncture, EFT is a simple tapping procedure that gently realigns the body’s energy system without the discomfort of needles. Unlike other energy healing methods, EFT incorporates an emotional element to the healing process, addressing unresolved emotional issues as a likely cause of physical disease, psychological dysfunction and personal performance limits.


Energetic Chiropractic

 We are exposed and subject to many significant stress factors that may accumulate and limit our ability to adapt successfully.  Too much stress will always result in muscle contraction, holds, imbalance and other compromises to our well-being.   Energetic Chiropractic (1) tests for muscle tone, energy balance, tissue stuckness, joint movement and vitality/strength   (2) draws from many techniques such as cranio-sacral, upper cervical, full spine, deep tissue, fascial release, postural release, acupressure, tapotement, stretching, muscle energy, bian stone, kinesiology and decompression  (3) supports a self-healing practice — recommendations are usually made for diet and exercise.

Energy Balancing

Ancient Healing Wisdom Practices meet Modern Quantum Physics

When the energy of the body flows without disruption, you are in perfect health.  When this energy is out of balance, disease occurs. Imbalances can be physical or emotional.  Energy Balancing practices aim to restore this balance.

Energy Balancing is also known as Energy Healing, or Energy Work.  It is the process of gently removing imbalances & blockages from the energy field (the Aura).  When the body's energy is balanced, the whole body works more efficiently.  Energy Balancing is the foundation of many ancient healing techniques; presently it is beginning to be understood by quantum physics. The Science of Energy, Energy Balancing & Quantum Physics. Everything that exists, whether physical, audible, visual (Colour), or emotional, is made of pure energy.

All Energy vibrates.

The different vibrations of the energy is what makes one thing different from another.
Your vibration is specific to you!
The physical body has tightly packed energy called "matter."
At the subatomic level, energy and matter are interchangeable.
There is an Energy Field that extends beyond the physical body (the Aura) which can be seen by some, and felt by those who have had the proper training.
Each emotion has its own unique vibration.
The energy vibrations of your body can become imbalanced, leading to emotional and physical dysfunction.


Feldenkrais is a system of body awareness through movement. It helps to restore normal alignment and facilitate optimal movement. Feldenkrais helps improve posture, flexibility, coordination, self-image, and relieves muscular tension and pain.

Flower Essences

Flower essence therapy refers to a system of medicine originally developed by the English physician Edward Bach. Flower essence practice is based on the theory that specific flowers have healing properties for emotional imbalances such as fear, loneliness, despondency or despair, uncertainty, over-sensitivity, “over-care for others”, etc. Flower essence remedies are created by harvesting flowers in the early morning while in full bloom. They are then soaked and distilled into liquid form for oral administration. Remedies can be taken sub-lingually (underneath the tongue) or placed in water and sipped throughout the day.

Herbal Medicine 
Herbal medicine is the use of plants for their medicinal and healing constituents and properties, and is a healing modality and tradition that is perhaps the oldest healing practice on the planet. Humans have been making use of the healing properties of plants since the dawn of our species. The use of herbal medicine has existing in every culture on the globe, since before recorded history, and the traditions and practices of herbalism continue to this day. Herbal medicine as a practice was traditionally an integrated and integral part of the life and health of a community, being the primary form of healthcare for millennia, as is still the case in many places today. Age old traditions still remembered, recorded, or practiced and passed down have merged with modern healthcare advancements and scientific understandings of human health, the body, plants and plant constituents, to form what is modern herbalism today. Our lives are inextricably tied to plant life, from the food we eat, to the air we breathe, and the roofs over our heads, and it comes as no surprise that there is also medicine to be found in the plant kingdom for us and our ailments. Many of the plants we eat have strong medicinal and therapeutic properties as well as being nutritive food (for example, onions, garlic, ginger, cayenne pepper, turmeric, thyme, rosemary, and basil are all delicious vegetables or culinary herbs, while also being classic herbal medicines). For an herbal medicine practitioner, the line between food and medicine is a fluid one, and the unique constitutions that we have been born with, combined with our lifestyle choices, are all important factors in considering treatment. Therefore every herbalist is also a nutritional, constitutional health, and lifestyle advisor, in addition to their skills at utilizing therapeutic plants and herbs as medicine. Often herbs are the last thing recommended, as someone’s constitution, diet, lifestyle, and preventative health measures are considered in a holistic way first. When herbs are given, the practitioner and the recipient along with the plants are all engaging in a timeless healing tradition!

Holistic Health Coaching

Health Coaching, is a process that facilitates healthy, sustainable behavior change by challenging a client to develop their inner wisdom, identify their values, and transform their goals into action. Health Coaches educate and support clients to achieve their health goals through lifestyle and behavior adjustments. Proper health coach training programs and health coach certification ensure that Health Coaches know how to work with diverse groups of people and equip them with the tools necessary to best fit the needs of their clients. Rebecca, a Certified Holistic Health Coach who graduated from the Institute of Integrative Nutrition and studied Integrative Health and Healing at the Graduate Institute, practices a holistic approach to health and wellness, which means that she looks at how all areas of your life are connected. Does stress at your job or in your relationship cause you to overeat? Does lack of sleep or low energy prevent you from exercising? As you work together, you will look at how all parts of your life affect your health as a whole. Rebecca’s approach is not to dwell on calories, carbs, fats, and proteins. It is not to create lists of restrictions or good and bad foods. Instead, she works with clients to create a happy, healthy life in a way that is flexible, fun and rewarding.  Together you will work to reach your health goals in areas such as achieving optimal weight, reducing food cravings, increasing sleep, and maximizing energy. As you work with Rebecca, you’ll develop a deeper understanding of the food and lifestyle choices that work best for you and implement lasting changes that will improve your energy, balance and health.


Homeopathy, or homeopathic medicine, is a medical philosophy and practice based on the idea that the body has the ability to heal itself. Homeopathy was founded in the late 1700s in Germany and has been widely practiced throughout Europe. Homeopathic medicine views symptoms of illness as normal responses of the body as it attempts to regain health.
Homeopathy is based on the idea that “like cures like.” That is, if a substance causes a symptom in a healthy person, giving the person a very small amount of the same substance may cure the illness. A homeopathic health practitioner (homeopath) uses pills or liquid mixtures (solutions) containing the energetic imprint of the active ingredient (usually a plant or mineral) for treatment of disease.


A type of complementary therapy that uses hypnosis, which is an altered state of consciousness. Hypnosis is widely promoted as a treatment for various long-term conditions and for breaking certain habits.

 Far Infrared Therapy

Infrared saunas are a type of sauna that uses heat and light to help relax and detoxify the body. Also called far-infrared saunas or near-infrared saunas, these omit infrared light waves that create heat in the body, causing you to sweat and release stored “toxins.”

Imagery  in the lineage of Colette Muscat Aboulker

A unique approach to mind-body work
Imagery is a powerful tool for transformation and healing which has been used for centuries for physical and emotional healing. It is also a way to access your own richness, power, and beauty.  The ancient civilizations clustered around the Mediterranean Sea, used it as an essential technique and sometimes the only medical treatment for physical and emotional ailments. The Prophets and people of the land also used the path of vision, one of the oldest in mystical Judaism, to find their way through the maze of life.  Imagery exercises lead a person to enter a level of visual experiencing, where he is able to explore the hidden world which lies behind his rational thought processes. Imagination not only provides a window on your inner experience, but a means for transforming your physical and emotional health. Indeed, imagery is the interface language between mind, emotions and body. Directing your imaginal reality can positively alter your physiology, your emotions, and can lead to the betterment of illness.  Imagery leads and to a deeper understanding of self and others, empowering you to transform yourself and the world.  “The key to the door of the inner world is imagination.”  Morton Kelsey

Infinity Healing Practice

The Infinity Healing Practice, created by Gabrielli LaChiara, is a body of teachings, tools, and activations that allow people to experience profound shifts in consciousness, creating greater ease and lightness in the body, mind and spirit.  By combining energy healing and neural-science, Gabrielli continues to discover pathways that ignite and inspire the natural and organic phenomena of healing. It’s a paradigm shift. Gabrielli offers a different perspective that enlightens and challenges every day thinking. Her insight and wisdom have inspired these teachings as tool box for living alive!  After over a decade of facilitating private sessions, Gabrielli was encouraged and asked by her clients to “teach what she does.” With the support and guidance of friend and colleague, Lori Friedman, the Infinity Healing Training Program was created. This was the beginning of an incredible journey of discovery into what it takes to teach subtle energy healing, intuition, and facilitated awareness. Together, Gabrielli and Lori, lead Infinity Healing Training Programs throughout the United States. We invite you to experience Infinity Healing through private sessions, that engage the body and mind in a mystical yet practical journey of healing, awakening, and enlivening.

Integrative Psychotherapy

Health and well-being are maintained when all of our energetic systems (mental, emotional, somatic, spiritual) are flowing freely in a state of balance. These individual or couple psychotherapy sessions are aimed at deepening understanding of inner experiences, identifying energetic blocks which cause imbalance , and restoring wholeness and resilience in the face of life’s conflicts, stressors, and challenges. Once we can express ourselves more freely and disengage from outmoded ways of relating, there is a greater sense of ease, harmony, and authenticity.

Jin Shin Jyutsu

This is an ancient oriental Art of harmonizing life energy within the body. Said to predate Buddha and Moses, it was rediscovered in the early 1900’s by Master Jiro Murai who, after recovery from a “terminal” illness, devoted himself to the revival of the Art for future generations. Literally defined, Jin Shin Jyutsu is the Art of the Creator expressed through knowing and compassionate man. It is a physio-philosophy that involves the application of hands for gently balancing the flow of life energy in the body.

  • The session brings balance to the body’s energy, promoting optimal health by facilitating the client’s own healing capacity. Through Jin Shin Jyutsu®  our awareness is awakened to the simple fact that we are endowed with the ability to harmonize and balance ourselves physically, mentally and spiritually.
  • Jin shin Jyutsu helps in healing from dis.ease or injury, in pre- and post-surgeries, and in maintaining  good health by helping our immune system deeply connect with our Body, Mind, Spirit.
  • The client rests on a massage table, wearing comfortable clothes, while the practitioner’s hands are placed gently on JSJ pressure points.

Low-Level Laser Therapy

Low level lasers have been used around the world for nearly four decades in both industry and health. Low level lasers have been approved for safety by the FDA for bar code check out, laser printers, playing music on CD's and for many other industrial uses.

Low level lasers are so widely used that if they suddenly became unavailable, the economy of the world would suffer.

In many countries other than the United States, therapeutic low level lasers of various wavelengths have proven beneficial for all types of animal including humans. Low level laser therapy in most of the world has been used for thirty years and is considered routine. Based on over two thousand studies around the world, today we can safely say that low level lasers have an important positive biological effect in over 90% of the studies. In all these studies, there has not been one negative report concerning safety. In other words, light at this level is not only beneficial but very safe.

Lymphatic Drainage Therapy

A.It is a hands-on method of improving the circulation of the lymphatic system.  It involves the use of subtle manual and/or electrical simulation to aid in the re-circulation of the lymphatic flow.


Massage is a method of manipulating the soft tissues of the body to have specific effect. Its objective is the restoration of function, and the release of tension. The holistic application of physical touch massage affects the all of the systems of the body – muscular, skeletal, digestive, elimination, respiratory, circulatory, lymphatic, endocrine, emotional, mental, and nervous systems.

Matrix Energetics

Matrix Energetics is a brilliant new pathway to transformation. Developed by Dr. Richard Bartlett, and rooted in the laws of Quantum Physics, Matrix Energetics is not a healing technique per se; rather, it is a “Consciousness Technology” that helps us bypass our habitual limited perceptions and access what physicists call the Zero Point Field—the field of pure potential, the realm of all possibility. On the subatomic level everything in the Universe, including us humans, is composed of light and information. Your reality may appear fixed, but it is actually fluid, in a constant state of becoming. Matrix Energetics quickly drops us into that fluid state, connecting us to the grid of infinite potential energy. Then, by adding the creative power of intention, we can dismantle the energetic state that supports the problem or illness, and establish a new state that promotes a healthy change. Matrix Energetics can be applied to anything: physical illness, injuries, past traumas, emotional and psychological patterns, relationship issues, business concerns and much more. Whatever you wish to transform, Matrix Energetics can help you do it with speed and ease.

Medical Intuition

A medical intuitive can see into the human body and detect disharmonies, much like a human MRI.  The intuitive’s skills act as echolocation, whereby a tumor or misshapen artery comes into “view” when the energy picks it up.  Sessions are performed with the patient fully clothed and sitting or lying in a relaxed position.  During the session, the medical intuitive will provide specific information regarding the health and function of the organs, glands and body systems, and also offer specific information about the patient’s energy field, revealing mental, emotional and spiritual issues that may affect health.

Medical Qigong

Medical Qigong is a hands-off energy treatment.  The practitioner directs his or her Qi, or energy, to the person seeking treatment—for example, through an outstretched hand.  It’s important to know that Medical Qigong is not just a medical treatment, but spiritual healing.  So at the spiritual level, there is no illness, or disease – there is only undiscovered purpose.  Everything in this reality has a purpose. This also applies to any condition that a person presents with for healing.  True healing is not just a focus on the presenting condition and its symptoms, and true healing does not try to manipulate or stop the condition.  For both the Medical Qigong practitioner and the individual seeking treatment, Medical Qigong can help both discover the purpose of the health issue.  By understanding the purpose of the issue—why it has occurred—it can be healed.  Authentic healing always takes place on the spiritual level.

Motivational Enhancement Counseling:

 When seeking holistic healthcare, we are given tasks and ideas to move us toward wellness. You can overcome barriers. You can begin to implement changes toward better health. With Motivational Enhancement Counseling, the practitioner will talk through your motivations for healing  with you and examine your values in relationship to necessary life changes. You will receive guidance to envision your path so that you may step forward onto it.

Movement Therapy/Yoga

Movement Therapy/Yoga is a modality unique to our volunteer, ShivaRam.  His lifelong interest in the relationship between body, mind and soul (including not only Yoga but also the Alexander Technique, Rolfing, Continuum Movement, Pilates-Core Alignment, Body Mind Centering and Trauma Therapy) has led to a fusion of movement therapy and yoga. To this end, he strongly emphasizes the power of breath and inner observation. Each student is assisted to find his or her most healing approach based on their body type and individual needs. In order to facilitate awareness of the relationship between self, body and mind, ShivaRam uses breathing and visualization techniques as well as sound healing and intuitive touch.


Every wisdom tradition suggests self-reflection as a path to greater awareness and right action.  Naikan (loosely translated as “looking inward” and pronounced like the camera Nikon) offers a structured method of seeing ourselves in relation to other people and the world around us.  People who practice Naikan report that they have become more humble, more accepting, more grateful, and more aware of the interconnectedness that makes up reality.  Naikan provides a way to shift attention to the countless ways in which the world sustains us, and offers a deep realization of our impact on the world around us.  This clearer understanding of our relationship to others supports interpersonal reconciliation and a greater appreciation for life itself.

Naturopathic Medicine

 Naturopathic medicine is a distinct system of primary healthcare  – an art, science, philosophy and practice of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of illness. Naturopathic medicine is distinguished by the principles upon which its practice is based. These principles are continually reexamined in light of scientific advances. The techniques of naturopathic medicine include modern and traditional, scientific and empirical methods. The following principles are the foundation of naturopathic medical practice: First Do No Harm, Support the Healing Power of Nature, Identify and Treat the Cause, Doctor as Teacher, Treat the Whole Person, Prevention. Naturopathic Doctors (NDs) are trained as primary care physicians and utilize a wide variety of tools including, herbs, clinical nutrition, homeopathy, and hydrotherapy.  NDs are also trained in the safe use of physical medicine, prescription drugs, and minor surgery, but are not licensed to use those modalities in NY State at this time.

Neurofeedback training connects sensors loosely applied to your scalp to a computer that  generates sounds and images reflecting the functioning of your brain. By interacting with these sounds and images you improve emotional control, task focus, heightened awareness, balance, creativity, and intuition. Neurofeedback also adds power to Spiritual Regression therapy used for spiritual insight and emotional healing. In a neurofeedback session we can introduce you to new ways of interacting with and controlling your brain. One session can help you calm your mind, stabilize your emotions, improve your sleep, and enhance your dreams. Alternatively, we can use neurofeedback in a Past Life Regression session to provide you with a new perspective on life.

Nutritional Counseling

Nutritional counseling covers a wide range of assessments and philosophies regarding the quality and effects of nutrition in a diet. Nutritionists offer education in eating habits, nutrients, allergies, and weight management. They work with individuals to develop dietary patterns that suit their lifestyle as well as their needs. Supplements are often recommended.

One Light Healing Touch

ONE LIGHT HEALING TOUCH Energy Healing is a safe, non invasive, healing intervention built on the philosophy of caring for the whole person – body, mind and spirit. It is used to induce changes in the human energy system affecting physical, emotional, mental and spiritual health and well-being. Sessions involve the healer doing an assessment of the client’s blocked energies, due to patterning, trauma, pain or disease and then selecting one or a set of techniques from over 55 healing techniques based in Shamanic, Esoteric and Holistic healing traditions, while opening to the Universal Spiritual Energy flow. The healer then channels or otherwise utilizes this restorative and loving energy while radiating it through their hands, heart and eyes, into a client’s body. The energy rebalances the client’s energy system. Slowly the client opens to the energy and becomes deeply relaxed, allowing the body to naturally release many of the energy blockages, traumas and pain. Clients are given holistic healing tools to use, as needed, to facilitate their healing between sessions, empowering them to be actively involved in their own healing process. OLHT therapy complements all medical and holistic practices. It is especially effective for all types of chronic conditions, since it stimulates and strengthens the immune system and shortens the client’s recovery time, while decreasing levels of pain, and increasing the sense of well being. OLHT works with breath, sound, meditation visualization, movement and sacred ceremony.
Some of the benefits of OLHT are:
1) Pain relief – this sought-after result is often the most immediate.
2) Improved sense of well-being and quality of life.
3) Reduced stress, anxiety, phobias and depression.
4) Balancing and strengthening of the immune system for faster healing.
5) Reduced side effects from invasive procedures (i.e. chemo and radiation).
6) Increased personal growth and self-awareness.
7) Accelerated recovery from surgical procedures.
8 Trauma release due to emotional or physical causes, like: accidents, surgery or traumas of loss.
9) Relief from: agitation, restlessness, forgetfulness, unfocused or indecisive behaviors, and low self-esteem.
10) Aid in spiritual concerns: death anxiety, end-of-life issues. OLHT therapy often helps patients feel at peace, cleansed and calm.
ONE LIGHT HEALING TOUCH increases the body’s ability to heal itself, and it can be used effectively to help conditions such as: asthma, arthritis, bronchitis, bone healing, cancer, cysts, emphysema, epilepsy, headaches, heart and lung conditions, headaches, high blood pressure, infections, rashes, tumors, ulcers, wounds, as well as pre-surgery, in-surgery and post-surgical patient care. OLHT care relieves discomfort and anxiety, by promoting relaxation, and helps the body to balance and heal while undergoing radiation or chemotherapy treatments.
ONE LIGHT HEALING TOUCH was founded by Ron Lavin, MA in 1996. Lavin is a gifted psychic and internationally renowned spiritual healer, with 35 years experience. He participated in four landmark healing studies with the National Institute of Health and his work has been featured nationally, on TV, radio and in magazines


Ortho-Bionomy is a gentle, non-invasive system of healing that engages in a non-protocol driven conversation between the proprioceptive nervous systems and bio-energetic fields of the practitioner and client.. Its principles are based on a simple yet profound philosophy: physically and energetically model to the body its own misalignments and constrictions so that it may self-correct. This modality has wide applications from structural issues to physical and emotional trauma resolution, to energetic and distance work on every aspect of the client from their bio-energetic field (also called the ‘Aura’) to their internal organs. An Ortho-Bionomy session is often subtle and nuanced in application, but often results in dramatic relief/resolution of physical and emotional pain and dysfunction. More information may be found at http://www.ortho-bionomy.org/

Plant Spirit Healing

Plants are beings enlivened by spirit. What we see of their physical body is just one aspect of their fullness. That which we don’t see on the physical plane is the spirit of the plant, and each plant spirit has a healing gift. A Plant Spirit Healing practitioner has taken the time to build a sacred relationship with the plant world and has connected with individual plant spirits and asked their permission to use their healing gifts for the benefit of others. Every Plant Spirit Healing practitioner has a unique relationship with each plant they call on for healing, creating a personalized and individualized healing experience. Each Plant Spirit Healing session helps you to connect with your true essential nature. After a short intake conversation, the practitioner will sit quietly and tune in with the plants in order to choose which Plant Spirit Healing protocol is the right one for that session. Some of the possibilities in a PSH session are:

Chakra Clearing and Balancing
Past Life Healing
Ancestral Healing
Vertical Alignment
All-In-One Treatment
Balancing your Elements
Balancing through the 7 Directions
Spirit Loss Treatment
Soul Contract Journey
Soul Retrieval Journey
Clearing Intrusive Energy
Clearing Negative Imprints from your birth experience

Plant Spirit Medicine

Plant Spirit Medicine is one name for the shamans’ way with plants. It recognizes that plants have spirit, and that spirit is the strongest medicine.  Spirit can heal the deepest reaches of the heart and soul. For thousands of years humans lived in harmony with the plant and nature spirits who shared their homes and their lives, who nourished them from within and guided them always into their hearts.  Plant Spirit Medicine is a movement back to that connection.  What we all need today is an opening to the memory of who we are. A main difference between Plant Spirit Medicine and other healing modalities is the living relationship between the healer and the plants themselves.  These relationships are so profound that the plant spirits are willing to offer their gifts of balance, love, support and healing.  Simply being in the presence of such a generous and abiding love is a transformative experience.  Without thinking, plants do exactly what our people most need – they live their lives fully from the heart, in dancing harmony with the world around them. In a session, the PSM healer will spend time listening to your concerns and will then create a treatment plan for calling upon the spirit of the plants who can best provide what you need on a deep level.  The PSM healer is a matchmaker between what you need and the plants who have the ability and willingness to provide what you need.

PsychoSpiritual Counseling and Coaching

Stress, worry, anxiety, depression, general unhappiness– Most of us are familiar with these mental and emotional conditions and their physical manifestations. They steal our energy and enthusiasm for life and are harmful to the healthy functioning of our bodies. But, we are told, they are a normal part of life and we are offered numerous coping mechanisms, including drugs, to give us some measure of relief. PsychoSpiritual Counseling and Coaching takes a much different approach. There is nothing “normal” or “inevitable” about stress, worry, anxiety or depression. Stress is NOT required! Our natural state is one of energetic joy and enthusiasm for life!  Why, then, do we suffer like this? Because we have been improperly programmed! We have been conditioned since birth (and probably before that) by parents, society and culture. Many of our beliefs, assumptions, personality patterns and behaviors are programmed into us and often operate beneath the surface of our conscious minds. Some of these are harmless or even helpful, but so many are the root cause of our distress. PsychoSpiritual Counseling and Coaching brings these conditioned beliefs and patterns to the light of our awareness to free us from their grip on our minds, hearts and bodies. This is done through dialogue, de and re programming, music, meditation and a variety of transformative PsychoSpiritual practices. The coaching part is critical– together, you the client and the practitioner design an ongoing practice routine that will assist you on your path to liberation!

Pulsed Elecromagnetic Therapy

PEMF is a therapeutic technology/device which is a fast and easy to use system for pain management and the recovery from sports injuries, lower back pain, muscle aches and pains, headaches, nervous tension and stress, improved immune system high blood pressure and degenerative conditions related to aging.

Reconnective Healing

Reconnective Healing was developed by Dr. Eric Pearl during the last decade. It is a new form of healing that is believed to be here on the planet for the first time. It reconnects us to the fullness of the universe and to the fullness of our beings at the highest levels. It seems to work not just through a new set of healing frequencies, but possibly through an entirely new bandwidth of light and information. Thousands of people have already received deep, permanent healing and transformation from Reconnective Healing. The medical and scientific communities are also showing a great deal of interest. Dr. Pearl has been working with a number of scientific researchers and members of the medical establishment to find out how Reconnective Healing achieves such great results. There are still many unanswered questions, but here are some of the results that have been obtained so far: It triggers significant changes in brain activity (via EEG scans) and heart activity (via ECG scans) of both practitioner and patient during healing sessions. They have also measured changes in levels of gamma radiation absorption during sessions. Normally the body emits a harmless low level of gamma radiation due to the presence of Potassium in the soft tissues. In Reconnective Healing sessions, both the practitioner and the patient absorb it instead. Separate research into various systems of bio-energy healing has shown a link between absorption of gamma radiation and healing. At one Reconnective Healing seminar the room being used was monitored from several hours before the seminar started to the end of the course. Researchers noticed a huge change in the thermodynamic free energy in the room. By the end of the two day period, the effective increase in energy in the room was equivalent to a temperature increase of 300oC, even though the actual temperature change was negligible. Another experiment measured the electromagnetic field around the hands of volunteers before and after attending a Reconnective Healing seminar and found that the field dramatically increased. Separate research into the mechanisms behind bio-energy healing has found that the high level of electromagnetic energy in the healer’s hands brings about the change from a state of disequilibrium (disease) to equilibrium or coherence (health). Other measurement studies confirm that Reconnective Healing practitioners can emit and transmit an increased amount of light and other electromagnetic frequencies around their bodies. They can turn the frequencies on, increasing the amplitude and oscillation of magnetic frequencies around their bodies. These changes have been measured in the laboratory. In lab studies, practitioners have been shown to affect changes in DNA, helping plants to heal after being “shocked” or damaged. The Reconnective Healing frequencies are strong and palpable to both the partitioner and patient. They can normally be felt through physical sensation tests and have been proven to be real in double blind, randomized studies. Reconnective Healing seems to move things into a state of organization, coherence and “ease,” according to studies using a random event generator. Kirlian photography and other measuring devices have imaged and corroborated the existence of the Reconnective Healing frequencies.
“The conclusion of these experiments was that the energy was indeed real, detectable, measurable – and quite remarkable.” Professor Gary Schwartz


Reflexology is a natural healing art based on the principle that there are reflex points on the feet and hands which correspond to every part of the body. Through application of pressure on particular areas of the hands or feet, reflexology serves to relax tension, improve circulation and promote the natural function of the related area in the body.


Reiki is a form of light touch healing that helps to move energy blocks and to nourish the whole being. It is useful for stress reduction, releasing energy stagnation, enhancing immune function, physical healing and mental clarity. Reiki is simple and gentle, and can compliment and enhance other healing modalities.

SEAD Therapy

The SEAD is a pulsed electromagnetic frequency (PEMF) device that produces five kinds of energy:Bio-photonic, electromagnetic, Bio-electrical, light frequencies and radio frequencies. Devices of this type are commonly called Multi-Wave Oscillators (MWO's); a term derived from the high frequency wave oscillations that the units produce. The SEAD is the result of more than 20 years of research and development based on the technologies of George Lakhovsky, Nicola Tesla and Royal Rife.

SEAD is an acronym standing for Subtle Energy Activation Device. The SEAD is a specific as well as holistic device. It specifically enhances cellular function and the immune system, while holistically exposing the person to life promoting subtle energy (what is referred to as Chi, Qi, Prana, Life-force or Bio-photons).

This technology is designed to balance and harmonize the body-returning it to its natural equilibrium(as seen in a healthy child) – as well as raise the vibrational rate of the atomic structure. This leads to a healthier and more desirable physical, emotional, mental and spiritual livelihood. Noted results are better health, wellness, clarity and higher states of consciousness.

Shiatsu Massage

Shiatsu is a is a bodywork technique using applied pressure on specific areas of the body to restore energy flow and relieve pain. Shiatsu means “finger pressure” and originated in Japan. It is closely related to acupressure in terms of its overall philosophy and focus on stimulating and re-balancing the efficient flow of qi energy (“ki” in Japanese) throughout the body. Its techniques differ from acupressure, however, and in addition to applying pressure with their fingers, thumbs, and hands, Shiatsu practitioners may also use their elbows, knees, and feet. Stretching and movement exercises may also be incorporated into the session as well

Soma Veda Thai Yoga Therapy

An ancient practice from Thailand, Soma Veda Thai Yoga Therapy is a comprehensive healing art which works to bring balance to the whole body, mind and spirit. The practitioner subtly moves receiver into different yoga asana based poses, while the receiver is completely relaxed and reclined. The practitioner then uses pressure, energy, attention and breath to open the receiving body energy channels, stimulate lymph function, increase flexibility and release stagnation. Anybody can receive a thai yoga massage, as it works with individual body mobility to aid in release. Thai Massage is considered to be the practical expression of loving kindness, as it creates a safe space to heal. .

Soul Listening

Practitioners use their intuitive Soul Listening abilities to lovingly guide you on a channeled, highly vibrational journey to release ancestral lineage, trauma from this life and past lives, and obstacles which obstruct the clarity of your Soul’s true expression of luminosity, happiness, peace, and health. The session involves balancing masculine/feminine principals, balancing the new Chakras, releasing any holding patterns on a multidimensional level, and assisting your personal Ascended Masters, Arch Angels, and Galactic Christed Beings to open gateways to your crystalline matrix, your original Codes of Light.  You will understand yourself more deeply, and feel the support of the celestial and inner earth guidance available for your path to wholeness.

Spacious Heart Guidance

This modality is based on consciousness rather than on physical touch, and it facilitates change on all levels (physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual). When one drops into the space of the heart, one opens to the universal field of energy that is the birthplace of everything—all thoughts, all feelings, all circumstances. From that field, change happens easily, quickly, and painlessly.  Matrix Energetics: A consciousness technology based on our identity as light and information, Matrix allows for disentanglement and play with all circumstances that we experience. Morphic Awakening: A morphic field is an organizing field of information comprising all thought, emotion, and knowledge on the subject at hand. It tends to become habitual, and its replication makes us believe that it is immutable. With Morphic Awakening, Wendy sets the perfect field for what is desired, and clears away any weaknesses that interfere with it, making it easier  for the patient to manifest what he or she wants.

Therapeutic Essential Oil Therapy

If you tell a medical doctor that essential oils can bring about healing with no negative side effects, they won't believe you. This is because in medical school students are repeatedly told
by their professors that all effective medicines have negative side effects, and if they don't, then they can't be effective.

Oil molecules send information to cells and cleanse receptor sites so that they bring your body back to natural function. Oils are balancing  to the body. Drugs are unbalancing to the body. Oils address the causes of disease at a cellular level by deleting misinformation and reprogramming correct information so that cells function properly and in harmony with one another. With drugs, more misinformation is fed into the cells so that some temporary relief may be obtained, but there is never any true healing. Drugs only trade one kind of disease for another.

Because essential oils properly applied always work toward the restoration of proper bodily function, they do not cause undesirable side effects. They are feeding the body with truth. Drugs feed the body with lies. While no amount of truth can contradict itself, it doesn't take many lies before contradictions occur and the body suffers ill effects.

Thought Field Therapy

Thought Field Therapy, (TFT), is a revolutionary technique of dealing with psychological problems.  In TFT, the client is asked to think about a specific issue that is troublesome.  This is commonly an anxiety, phobia, trauma, loss or feeling of anger and guilt (basically any human emotion.  The client is then asked to quantify the feeling on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 representing the most intense

Transformational Kinesiology

Transformational Kinesiology is a facilitated self-inquiry education process that empowers you to make positive, long-lasting changes in your life. TK is a gentle process that works with muscle testing (applying slight pressure to an extended arm) to work with your subconscious, strengthen your own inner wisdom and increases your self-understanding. It allows you to make changes with ease and joy in a relatively short period of time.

Some of the areas supported by this work are:
• Emotionally challenging times, whatever the condition or issue
• Relationships and relationship issues: having the relationships you want, partner work (with or without partner), family dynamics, parent-child relationships etc.
• Prenatal/Postpartum including conception, pregnancy and birth issues as well as adjustments to parenting and new baby
• Parenting issues and challenges
• Life Transitions, such as career change, empty nest, birth/death, relationship transitions, moving/relocation etc.
• Depression and related Issues
• Grief and Loss
• Fears and phobias
• Work/Career/Purpose questions
• Physical issues addressed on the psychological, emotional and spiritual levels


This practice is a simple and sometimes profound exploration of certain qualities of experience and being which are already aspects of our wholeness, although we may not have fully embodied or developed these parts or ourselves yet.  A Transition session can support a person in tasting or “lifting up” into spaces of Grace, Freedom, and Unity for example, and then practice bringing that space “back down”, integrating it into the more familiar perceptions of reality.  Guidance may come through as well as other processes during the practice.  This work is offered to people who wish for self responsibility and who are willing to make time for practice.

Vibrational Attunement: Tuning Forks for Human Tuning

Like adjusting a piano, your body can be tuned to achieve optimal physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual balance. Research shows that the application of Biosonics tuning forks can affect the body almost instantaneously. Specially tuned to sacred proportions, you sit inside the space they create as your brain brings two different sounds together, making them one. As they alter your body’s biochemistry, they bring your body back to its fundamental pulse.  Some of the effects of Vibrational Attunement are:

  • An almost instantaneous, deep state of relaxation
  • Improved mental clarity and brain functioning
  • Increased physical energy and mental concentration
  • Relief of stress
  • Increased blood flow
  • Enhanced immune response
  • Enhanced dream work and meditation
  • Greater balance in your nervous system
  • Integration of left and right brain functions
  • Higher states of consciousness 

Vibroacoustic Therapy

This healing therapeutic bed enhances and delivers natural stimulants through a passive and non-evasive process of stimulation to the brain and nervous system.

This therapy involves a non-medical vibrational system that provides audio and tactile stimulation to the mind and body. As you rest on the soft and comfortable bed, the system delivers “natural stimulants” in an effective yet subtle process that exercises your central nervous system (CNS).

Each therapeutic session is designed to achieve various outcomes. Most sessions are 30 minutes long to induce the relaxation response without causing the client to fall into deep sleep. Motion and vibroacoustic therapy has different influences on physiological processes within each individuals body. Therefore each individual will experience a unique response, allowing for a effective and positive therapy for different conditions and disturbances. All sessions are composed with a combination of a mixture of tones, frequencies and binaural beats to stimulate the natural healing capabilities within the body.

Visual Focusing,

This modality can help people readjust the way they use their visual equipment, because changing the way you use your eyes literally changes the way you see the world. The exercises lead the client through breathing and relaxation to begin readjusting the way one uses one’s visual equipment and to literally rework neural pathways in the brain. The goal is a balanced, reality-based perspective which moves the person from anxiety and depression-related brain settings to a more centered life view – what athletes call being “in the zone.” The focusing techniques work well as an adjunct to other healing modalities as well as a powerful treatment for emotional trauma.


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  • Acupressure A traditional Chinese medicine technique which involves placing physical pressure by hand on specific energy points on the body.
  • Acupuncture A process of inserting needles into specific targets to balance yin and yang to regulate qi to correct, restore and/or optimize health. The western definition is that acupuncture points stimulate the brain to release chemicals which affect the nerves, muscles and immune system. See www.aaom.org
  • Acupuncturist A person who is trained and credentialed to perform acupuncture.
  • Alternative Therapy A treatment used instead of conventional cancer treatment.
  • Aromatherapy The belief that certain aromas can be stimulating and calming. Most aromatherapy uses essential oils from plants and herbs.
  • Art Therapy Uses a creative process to allow awareness and expression of emotions when it is otherwise difficult to do so. See www.arttherapy.org
  • Biofeedback Uses electrical monitoring devices to document changes in bodily functions as a result of increased relaxation. Once this process is learned, the patient is then able to self-regulate behavior without the use of the electrical devices. See www.aapb.org
  • CAM An abbreviation for complimentary and alternative medicine.
  • Ch' i (pronouced chee) Also is spelled qi and is the flow of energy which is influenced by the opposing forces of yin and yang.
  • Chiropractic Therapy A treatment primarily focused on the spine and the manual manipulation of the body's musculoskeletal system. See www.amerchiro.org
  • Complimentary Treatments A treatment used in addition to conventional cancer treatment.
  • Dance Therapy Is a therapy to allow the expression of feelings with the goal of building self-esteem and restoring balance between the mind and body. See www.adta.org
  • Electroacupuncture Is the use of electrical current to stimulate specific target sites which restore the flow of energy balance.
  • Focused Breathing Techniques used to promote diaphragmatic breathing which is associated with decreased stress, a sensation of calmness and relaxation.
  • Folk Medicine A set of beliefs and traditions, typically handed down from generation to generation, practiced by a specific group or culture.
  • Guided Imagery A technique of diverting mental attention to create images evoke physical changes of relaxation and promote healing processes. See www.healthy.net/agi
  • Herbal Medicine Chinese medicine uses natural material from plants, animals or minerals to introduce certain qualities into the body to balance what the illness may have disrupted.
  • Herbs Are naturally occurring substances in nature that are used to balance and/or heal the body. See www.herbalgram.org
  • Holistic A term used to describe the "whole" of a person which includes the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual parts.
  • Homeopathic Medicine Natural remedies are matched to a patients set of symptoms. Proponents of this type of medicine believe that modern medical treatment weakens the body's ability to heal itself. See www.homeopathic.org
  • Hypnosis Is a process of receiving instructions to enter into deep concentration characterized by an altered psychological state and minimal motor functioning. The goal is to enter into the unconscious mind which is believed more likely to accept suggestion.
  • Macrobiotic Diet A diet based on the Eastern philosophy of yin and yang. The goal is to achieve balance through healthy lifestyle and diet. The diet consists of whole grains, vegetables, beans, soup, fish, seasonal fruits and nuts all planned to meet specific health needs. See www.macrobiotics.org
  • Massage Therapeutic massage is the manual stroking, kneading or tapping the body's tissue to decrease muscle tension, improve circulation and general relaxation. The massage therapist should be licensed. Massage therapy is generally safe for cancer patients but it is important to consult with a physician prior to starting massage therapy. See www.amtamassage.org
  • Meditation Is the intentional self-regulation of one's attention. There are two types of meditation: concentrative methods which one uses repeated phrases and mindfulness-based stategies which start with the observations of thought, emotions and sensations without judgement to improve awareness. See www.
  • Music Therapy The controlled use of music by a music therapist to reduce anxiety and depression. See www.musictherapy.org
  • Naturopathic Medicine Also know as Natural Medicine, integrates natural therapeutics such as botanical medicine with traditional Oriental medicine, hydrotherapy and naturopathic manipulative techniques with modern scientific medical tests and standards of care.
  • Nutritionist A health care professional that is an expert in the field of nutrition. The nutritionist is able give advice and plan healthy diets for patients with disease.
  • Oriental Medicine Also referred to as Chinese medicine which is derived from Chinese religion. Both have similar concepts of the Tao (the way), yin and yang, the universal energy ch' i , and the five elements of wood, fire, earth, metal and water.
  • Physical Therapist A health care professional that specializes in muscle development and motor coordination. They plan exercise programs and give advice on sports and activities. The physical therapist may use ultrasound, water therapy, massage, or other methods to improve joints and muscles.
  • Polarity Therapy A treatment understanding and using the body's energy fields to promote balance and relaxation. See www.polaritytherapy.org
  • Progressive Muscle Relaxation Involves training in deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation exercises and the use of imagery.
  • Qi (pronounced chee) In Eastern Medicine, qi is the flow of energy and is influenced by the opposing forces of yin and yang.
  • Qi Gong An ancient Chinese form of exercise which combines movement exercise, breathing and meditation.
  • Quackery The deliberate misrepresentation of the ability of a substance or device for the prevention or treatment of disease. Quackery also applies to persons who pretend to be able to diagnose or heal people but are unqualified and incompetent.
  • Reflexology Is a touch therapy that is based on the belief that there are reflex points or energy points in the body. By skillful manipulation of these points, the body systems are facilitated into greater balance.
  • Reiki (pronounced ray-kee) A touch therapy to restore the balance of energy in the body. Performed by a trained Reiki practitioner on a clothed individual which only involves very light touch.
  • Rolfing A nickname based on the founder, Ida Rolf for a holistic system of soft tissue manipulation. See www.rolf.org
  • Shiatsu Is the Japanese version of acupressure. Shi means finger and atsu means pressure. It is a process of holding and releasing various pressure points.
  • Social Work Services Are services providing assistance and counseling to patients and their families by social workers in dealing with social emotional, and environmental problems associated with illness or disabilities, often in the context of discharge planning coordinator.
  • Social Worker A professional trained to talk with people and their families about emotional or physical needs, and to find them support services.
  • Society of Integrative Oncology Founded in 2003 by a group of well-respected, traditionally trained western oncologists with the fundamental goal of improving cancer care through scientifically based integrative practice. The mission of this organization is to promote research in this area and to promote the integration of CAM therapies into the practice of traditional oncology. See www.integrativeonc.org
  • Spiritual Healing Religion, prayer and spiritual practices have shown to bring comfort and are important to part of one's well-being.
  • Supplements A variety of compounds which includes vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.
  • Tai Chi An ancient Eastern practice of movement to balance the body and the mind.
  • TENS Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation is a therapy commonly used to treat chronic pain syndromes. Electrodes are placed in specific target areas to stimulate nerve pathways. This is most commonly performed by a physical therapist or certified pain specialist.
  • Therapeutic Touch Has its roots in the ancient tradition of laying on of hands whereby a practitioner transfers energy to depleted areas in an effort to balance energy and promote healing. See www.therapeutic-touch.org
  • Vegan Diet A vegetarian diet but in addition, excludes all animal products.
  • Vegetarian Diet A diet that does not include meat, fish or poultry. Some vegetarians eat eggs and dairy products.
  • Yin and Yang In Chinese Medicine, these are believed to be the major forces of the universe. These forces are opposite and when balance is attained, health is optimized.
  • Yoga Is the practice of controlling all aspects of one life to attain good health which includes a simple diet, outdoor exercise, a tranquil mind and an awareness of one's creator. Many types of yoga exist and are practiced in a variety of ways.
  • A
  • In-Vivo means within the living body.
  • Ablative Iodine (I-131) Therapeutic doses of radioactive iodine with the aim of destroying all remaining thyroid tissues.
  • Acute means sudden or severe.
  • acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)  a type of leukemia, or cancer of the blood and blood-forming tissue, where many abnormal lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) are produced by the body.
  • acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)  a type of leukemia, or cancer of the blood and blood-forming tissue, where many abnormal granulocytes (a type of white blood cell) are produced by the body.
  • Adjuvant-Chemotherapy chemotherapy given as an "add-on" to primary cancer treatment, as in surgery or radiotherapy.
  • Adriamycin A trade name for doxorubicin (see entry).
  • Age-Adjusted-Mortality-Rate Age is a very important factor in determining mortality, for example people tend to get different cancers at different ages. To compare the mortality rates of two or more populations, differences in the age distributions of the population are removed by using an age-adjusted rate.
  • allogeneic transplantation  a procedure where cells, tissue, or organs are transplanted to a person from a compatible donor.
  • Allogenic-Bone-Marrow-Transplant Healthy marrow is taken from a matched donor and used to replace the patients own marrow. The donor may be a relative, if the patient has a twin this may be the best match, otherwise a brother, sister, or another unrelated person may donate marrow.
  • alopecia  a skin disease in which there is hair loss on the scalp and sometimes elsewhere on the body.
  • alternative therapy  any healing practices that are not part of mainstream medicine — that means any practice that is not widely taught in medical schools or frequently used by doctors or in hospitals. Alternative medicine is often used instead of conventional medical techniques.
  • anaplastic or anaplasia  when tumor cells no longer resemble the tissue from which they originated; also referred to as “poorly differentiated” or “undifferentiated” cells
  • Anemia below normal levels of erythrocytes (red blood cells) causing a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.
  • anesthesia  the use of medicine to prevent the feeling of pain or sensation during surgery or other procedures that might be painful.
  • anesthesiologist  a physician who specializes in giving and managing anesthetics, medications that numb an area of the body or help a person fall and stay asleep for surgical procedures or diagnostic tests. Anesthesiologists also help with the treatment and management of chronic pain.
  • angiogram  a type of X-ray, using a special dye, that helps show blood vessels and blood flow. It's also used to identify certain kinds of tumors.
  • Antibody A molecule produced by lymphocytes in response to stimulation by an antigen. Antibodies bind to antigens, causing the cells bearing the antigens to clump together. These clumps are then destroyed by other blood cells.
  • anticipatory grief  grief we experience prior to a pet’s death as we anticipate our impending loss
  • Antigen Any substance capable of stimulating a specific immune response (i.e., a specific antibody) in the body.
  • apheresis  a procedure that involves removing blood, separating it into plasma, platelets, and leukocytes, and removing the blood part that is causing a particular disease or condition. The remaining blood parts are then re-transfused into the person.
  • Aplastic-Anemia anemia that is resistant to treatment; often accompanied by deficiencies of other blood cells.
  • Aspirate to suck fluids out of a cavity eg bone marrow aspiate
  • astrocyte  a cell located in the brain.
  • astrocytoma  a tumor of the brain that originates from astrocytes.
  • Autologous-Bone-Marrow-Transplant (ABMT) A process in which a patient's healthy bone marrow is withdrawn and preserved. It is later injected back into the patient to replace bone marrow damaged by high doses of radiation therapy. It can then produce healthy blood cells. This treatment is used to offset the detrimental effects of high-dose radiation used in certain types of cancer.
  • Autosome Any non-sex-determining chromosome; in humans there are 22 pairs of autosomes.
  • B
  • Barium-Enema A barium enema (or "lower GI series") is procedure that uses a barium sulfate enema followed by an X-ray to view the colon and rectum. Barium sulfate is a chalky chemical that appears white on X-ray film thus showing the lining of the colon. This helps identify any abnormalities which usually appear darker on the X-rays. Sometimes air can also be pumped into the intestine in order to sharpen the image.
  • Basal-Cell-Carcinoma This is where the basal cells become cancerous; basal cells are found in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin). This is the most common type of skin cancer which is usually highly curable when detected early.
  • B-Cells Lymphocytes responsible for humeral (fluid based) immunity and antibody production.
  • Benign Not cancerous - not spreading, usually a more mild disease. Non-malignant.
  • benign tumors  tumors composed of abnormal cells that are not malignant and do not invade or replace normal tissues
  • benign  a term used to describe tumors that are slow-growing, noncancerous, and do not spread to surrounding tissue.
  • bilateral  found on both sides of the body; when referring to cancer, it means cancer found in paired organs (for example, in both kidneys).
  • biologic response modifiers  substances that help the immune system fight cancer, lessen side effects from cancer treatments, and fight infections and other diseases.
  • biologic therapy  see immunotherapy.
  • Biological-Therapy Cancer treatment that uses natural substances or substances made in a laboratory to stimulate or restore the ability of the body's immune system to fight disease. Interferon and interleukin-2 therapies are examples. Therapies such as these are often used in conjunction with other treatments. Also called immunotherapy.
  • Biopsy This is the removal of a small section of the tumors, the sample will be analyzed by a histopathologist in order to establish a precise diagnosis. Surgical procedure. This may be a needle biopsy, where a very fine needle is used to take a tiny sample of the tumors. Occasionally a surgeon may remove the whole tumor prior to diagnosis; a resection biopsy.
  • blast cell  an immature blood cell that grows into a red blood cell, white blood cell, or platelet.
  • Blastoma. A tumor composed of very immature cells.
  • blood banking  blood banks collect and store blood that healthy people donate. The bank keeps blood ready in case someone needs it because of an accident or surgery.
  • blood plasma  a yellowish liquid that carries nutrients, hormones, and proteins throughout the body.
  • blood  the naturally produced fluid in the body that is made up of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body; white blood cells, which fight infections; platelets, which help stop bleeding; and plasma, a yellowish liquid that carries nutrients, hormones, and proteins throughout the body.
  • bone marrow transplant (BMT)  a procedure that involves replacing unhealthy bone marrow with healthy bone marrow cells from a donor.
  • Bone-Marrow The spongy material that fills the inner spaces of the bones. It is the place where many blood elements, such as red blood cells, are produced. High doses of radiation can destroy bone marrow during cancer treatment.
  • Bone-Marrow-Transplant A procedure in which a section of bone marrow is taken from one person and transplanted into another. It is used to replace bone marrow that has been damaged or diseased. It can be a treatment option in leukemia.
  • Brachytherapy A type of radiation therapy is which radioactive materials are placed in direct contact with the tissue being treated.
  • Breast Self-Exam (BSE) A method for women to check their breasts for changes in appearance or feel. This can help detect breast cancer at a more early stage, should it develop.
  • Breast-Cancer Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women aged between 35 to 54, incidence has increased such that 1 in 9 women develop breast cancer in the USA. The most common type of breast cancer that found in the cells of the breast ducts, other types include those of the lobes, and inflammatory breast cancer. Between 5 and 10% of breast cancers are known to be hereditary, women with the defective BRCA1 gene are more likely to develop breast or ovarian cancer.
  • Burkitt's lymphoma A type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that most often occurs in young people between the ages of 12 and 30. The disease usually causes a rapidly growing tumor in the abdomen.
  • C
  • Cachexia The rapid loss of weight along with fatigue, weakness, and loss of appetite. This can be a serious problem for patients with advanced cancer.
  • CAM  short for "complementary and alternative medicine."
  • cancer cachexia  a state of accelerated starvation caused by cancer’s takeover of the energy-generating pathways in the body
  • cancer care team  a group of different medical specialists and health care professionals who help a patient through the challenges of dealing with cancer.
  • cancer cells  cells that grow and divide uncontrollably, which may spread quickly throughout the body, making someone sick.
  • Cancer. The malignant uncontrolled growth of cells, that left untreated would be fatal. Cancers have the capacity to metastasize, or form secondary tumors at other sites Cancer is not a single disease but a wide range of different diseases of which there well over a hundred types. Cancers can be classified into two broad types: hematological (malignancies of the blood / bone marrow) or solid tumors. The name of the cancer depends on the type of tissue and/or site it develops from.
  • carcinogen  cancer-causing agents that affect the DNA and RNA of cells, leading to uncontrolled growth and development of a tumor
  • carcinogen  substances that can cause cancer, such as tobacco smoke.
  • Carcinogenesis The production of cancer
  • Carcinoma. A malignant tumor arising from epithelial tissue (cells of the glands and the outer layer of skin that lines blood vessels, hollow organs and the body's orifices).
  • carcinomas  malignant tumors that originate from that line various organs, glands and comprise part of the skin.
  • Cardiotoxicity damage to the heart : is associated with certain anti cancer drugs, especially Adriamycin. As such the total dose of these drugs may be limited to reduce the risk of cardio toxicity.
  • cartilage products  substances derived from cartilage of cattle and sharks
  • Case-Contro-Study is where cases are compared to controls, in order to avoid bias the controls are matched for factors such as age and sex. The aim is to investigate possible associations between certain factors and risk of disease. For example a study investigating smoking and the risk of lung cancer.
  • CAT scan (also called  CT scan)  a type of X-ray in which a machine rotates around the patient and creates a picture of the inside of the body from different angles. Regular X-rays show bones and other areas of the body, but CAT scans show much more detail.
  • Cell-Differentiation is where normal cells go through physical changes in order to form the different specialized tissues of the body. Malignant cells may range from well-differentiated (closely resembling the tissue of origin) or undifferentiated or anaplastic (bearing little similarity to the tissue of origin). In general it is the undifferentiated or anaplastic histology's which are more aggressive.
  • cells  the basic components or "building blocks" of the human body.
  • cerebrospinal fluid  a clear, colorless liquid that delivers nutrients to and "cushions" the brain and spinal cord (the central nervous system).
  • Cervical-Cancer Cervical cancer is a common type of malignancy accounting for about 6% of all cancers found in women. It is a disease in which cancerous cells develop in the uterine cervix (this is the connecting passage between the uterus and vagina). The peak incidence of cervical cancer occurs between the ages of 40 to 55. It is rare before the age of 35, however the incidence of cervical cancer in younger women rose dramatically during the two decades after 1960. Regular Pap smear tests may detect abnormal changes in the cervical tissues, before cancer develops. Symptoms of cervical cancer may include vaginal bleeding after intercourse or bleeding between periods. However, in the early stages of the disease there are often no obvious signs or symptoms, so regular smear tests are important.
  • cesium or colbalt therapy  another term for radiation therapy
  • chemotherapy resistance  a tumor’s lack of responsiveness to some or all chemotherapy drugs
  • Chemotherapy. The treatment of diseases such as cancer with drug therapy Since the 1960's the development and use of drugs has dramatically improved the prognosis for many types of cancer. Chemo- means chemicals, for most types of cancer chemotherapy will consist of a number of different drugs, this is known as combination chemotherapy. Chemotherapy may be given in a variety of ways; Intravenously (IV) -into a vein is the most common, Intramuscularly (IM) -injection into a muscle, Orally -by mouth, Subcutaneously (SC) -injection under the skin, Intralesionally (IL) -directly into a cancerous area, Intrathecally (IT)-into the fluid around the spine, Topically -medication will be applied onto the skin.
  • Childhood-Cancer Childhood cancer is rare, about 1 in every 600 children aged under 15 develop cancer, still very little is known about it's causes. Compared with adult cancers they tend to have different histologies and occur in different sites of the body. Common adult cancers such as lung, breast, colon, and stomach are extremely rare among children. On the other hand some types of cancer are almost exclusively found in children, especially embryonal tumors which arise from cells associated with the foetus, embryo, and early postnatal period. The overall cure rate for childhood cancer has drastically improved over the last 2 decades in association with clinical trials and the development of new treatments
  • chiropractic medicine  a medical treatment using manipulation that focuses on the relationship between the spine and nervous system
  • Chondrosarcoma Chondrosarcoma is a cancer arising in cartilage cells, it occurs mostly in adults, it is rare in those aged under 20 with 70% of cases occurring between ages 50-75. Rare sub-types include mesenchymal chondrosarcoma which is more common in those aged under 40; Clear cell chondrosarcoma (around 2% of cases); and Dedifferenting chondrosarcoma (a rare tumor which transforms from low grade to a high grade sarcoma).
  • Chromosome Structures in the cell nucleus which contain the genes responsible for heredity. Normal human cells contain twenty-three pairs of chromosomes. One of each pair is inherited separately from a person's father and mother
  • Chronic Long lasting or slowly progressing.
  • chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)  a relatively rare type of leukemia, or cancer of the blood and blood-forming tissue, in which too many white blood cells are created in the bone marrow.
  • clinical pathology  a veterinary specialist trained to examine, identify, and analyze under the microscope small number of cells from a needle biopsy
  • Clinical-Trial Research conducted with patients, usually to evaluate a new treatment. Each trial is designed to answer scientific questions and to find better ways to treat individuals with a specific disease. Many times cancer patients can receive new, experimental treatments by participating in a clinical trial.
  • Colony-Stimulating-Factors CFS) encourage production of white blood cells. G-CSF stimulates granulocytes, and GM-CSF stimulates granulocytes and monocytes. Substances produced naturally by the body and recently also synthetically which stimulate the production of certain blood cells. Examples are G-CSF, GM-CSF, various Ã’interleukinsÓ, stem cell factor (or steel factor), erythropoietin, etc.
  • Colorectal-Cancer is the second most common type of cancer, and accounts for almost 80% of cancers of the digestive tract. The vast majority of colon and rectum cancers are adenocarcinomas, around 10% of these are mucinous (protein contained in mucus). Surgery is the main form of treatment, though modest benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy have been demonstrated. The median age at diagnosis is 70, age adjusted incidence rates are slightly higher in males compared to females. A substantial proportion of cases are in those with a genetic predisposition to colorectal cancer. Diet may also have an influence on the incidence of colorectal cancer, dietary fiber, retinoids, and calcium are thought to be protective, while high intake of animal fats may increases risk. Colorectal cancer may develop from benign polyps (a polyp is a tumoron a stem most commonly found on mucous membranes). Screening of high risk populations (for those over age 50, particularly those with a 1st degree relative diagnosed with colorectal cancer, or familial predispostion to adenomatous polyposis) may be of benefit in detecting colorectal cancer at an early stage.
  • Colposcopy Visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina by inserting a magnifying instrument called a colposcope
  • complementary therapy  medical treatment options that are outside the realm of conventional, accepted, proven treatments
  • complementary therapy  the use of alternative treatments together with conventional therapies. Complementary medicine is used in addition to conventional medicine, not as a replacement.
  • complete blood count (CBC)  a laboratory procedure to determine the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in a sample of blood
  • complete blood count (CBC)  a common blood test that evaluates the three major types of cells in the blood
  • computed tomography scan (also called CT scan)  see CAT scan.
  • Computed-Tomography (CT-Scan) Computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) makes a cross-sectional x-ray picture of a "slice" of the body. The machine rotates around the patient taking x-rays from different angles, the images are then processed by a computer.
  • computerized tomography (CT)  scan a diagnostic scanning process that uses computer technology to produced images of cross sections through the body
  • cord blood  blood taken from the umbilical cord after a baby is born. Cord blood can be collected and stored to supply the same kinds of blood-forming (hematopoietic) stem cells as a bone marrow donor.
  • core biopsy  a procedure in which a doctor uses a hollow needle to remove a small amount of tissue from a lymph node or other body tissue.
  • cremains  the ashes that remain after the body has been cremated
  • Cross-sectional Studies are studies that are carried out at just one point in time.
  • cryosurgery  the freezing of tumor cells in a controlled area by applying liquid nitrogen
  • CT or CAT (computed axial tomographic) scan  an x-ray imaging procedure that uses a computer to produce a series of detailed pictures of an area of the body
  • CT scan (also called CAT scan)  see CAT scan.
  • Cutaneous-T-Cell-lymphoma A rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that first appears on the skin, then later spreads to the lymph nodes and organs. Also called mycosis fungoides.
  • cycle  regular intervals of chemotherapy drugs
  • Cyst A fluid filled sac or cavity.
  • Cytokines Also known as colony stimulating factors
  • cytology  the examination of cells or fluid under a microscope to diagnose disease
  • Cytotoxic a substance which kills or damage cells.
  • D
  • debulking  the surgical removal of as much of a tumor as possible to decrease the number of tumor cells in the body
  • Demography The study of populations, especially with reference to population size, density, fertility, mortality, growth, age distribution, migration, and vital statistics, and the interaction of all these with social and economic conditions
  • Diverticulosis A condition in which a person has small sacs or pouch in the walls of a canal or organ, such as the stomach or intestine. These sacs can become inflamed to cause diverticulitis and can be a risk factor for certain types of cancer.
  • DNA This abbreviation stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the component of the chromosomes that carries the genetic code
  • Dose-Intensity In chemotherapy, the total amount of drug delivered in a one-week period. Can be given all at once or over a period of several days.
  • Doxorubicin doxorubicin hydrochloride: An antibiotic used to treat several forms of cancer. Also known as Adriamycin.
  • Drug-Resistance is where tumor cells become resistant to chemotherapy. Some tumor cells will be chemo-sensitive and are killed by anticancer drugs; the cells that remain are likely to be more resistant. Thus by selection it is the most resistant cells survive and divide, they may be resistant to a particular drug, a class of drugs, or all drugs
  • dry or moist desquamation  changes in the skin following radiation therapy that resemble sun burn
  • Dysplasia The abnormal pathological development of cells, indicating possible malignancy
  • dyspnea  difficulty breathing in which a person feels short of breath.
  • E
  • Echocardiogram is where an image of the heart is formed when high frequency sound waves are reflected from the muscles of the heart. An echocardiogram may be done before treatment starts to establish a baseline from which to compare future tests.
  • edema  swelling in areas such as the feet and legs and the area around the eyes that is caused by excess fluid buildup in the tissues.
  • Endoprosthesis an artificial replacement that is fitted inside the body e.g. a metal prosthesis that replaces the thigh bone in limb sparing surgery.
  • endoscope  a thin, flexible tube containing fibers that transmit light; used to visualize the inside surfaces of the respiratory system, the digestive system, and the lower urinary tract
  • endoscopic biopsy  a small representative sample of abnormal tissue removed via an endoscope
  • Enteral-Feeding A method of nutrition delivery where fluid is given directly into the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Enucleation Removing the entire eyeball - this operation may be used for advanced stage or large ocular tumors. For some smaller malignant tumors laser treatment may be used (in conjunction with chemotherapy) in which the eye can be salvaged.
  • eosinophil  a type of white blood cell classified as a granulocyte. Eosinophils tend to increase to fight allergic reactions.
  • ependymoma  a tumor that usually begins in the lining of the brain ventricles. The brain has four ventricles, or cavities, that are pathways for cerebrospinal fluid, a liquid that cushions the brain and spine and protects them from trauma.
  • Epidemiology The study of the distribution and causes of diseases in a population.
  • Epidermis The outermost layer of the skin. Melanocytes, basal cells, and squamous cells are found in the epidermis. Overexposure of the epidermis to ultraviolet rays from the sun can lead to skin cancer.
  • epithelial  cells originating from the epithelium, the tissue covering the skin and all the glandular tissue of the body; epithelial tissue also lines the airways (trachea, bronchi), the mouth, the urinary and genital orifices, and the gastrointestinal tract
  • esophagostomy tube  a soft rubber feeding tube surgically placed through the side of the neck into the esophagus, maintained to allow food to bypass the mouth
  • euthanasia  the peaceful ending of a pet’s life through the administration of an overdose of anesthesia. Euthanasia is performed when a pet can no longer be kept comfortable
  • Ewing's-Sarcoma Ewing's sarcoma is most common in children and young adults. The most frequent sites are the pelvis, femur, tibia, and fibula, around a fifth of patients have metastases at diagnosis usually in the lungs or other other bones. Ewing's tumorss are more frequently found in the diaphysis (mid-shaft) part of the bone. Ewing's sarcoma can sometimes be restricted to soft tissue (Extraosseos Ewing's sarcoma). There is a spectrum of pathology ranging from 'classical' Ewing's which are negative for neural markers; to PNET (peripheral neuroectodermal tumorss) which are stongly positive.
  • excisional biopsy  removal of an entire tumor with the border of normal tissue on all side – the “block” of tissue is then submitted for analysis
  • excisional biopsy  a procedure in which the doctor opens the skin to remove an entire lump, tumor, or suspicious area for purposes of diagnosis.
  • external radiation  radiation therapy that usually involves visiting the hospital or treatment center as outpatients 4-5 days a week for several weeks, coming in just for the treatment and going home right after.
  • Extraosseous exclusively soft tissue - no bone involvement
  • F
  • Fanconi-Anemia Not cancerous. Fanconi Anaemia is a rare disorder found in children that involves the blood and bone marrow. The symptoms include pancytopenia, hypoplasia of the bone marrow, and patchy discoloration of the skin. This is an recessive condition, affected children usually develop severe aplastic anemia by age 8 to 9 years. Treatment usually consists of bone marrow transplant.
  • Febrile means with fever
  • Fecal-Occult-Blood-Test A test for small traces of blood in stool samples which would not be visible with the naked eye (also know as the "stool guaiac" or "haemoccult" test)
  • fine needle aspirate  removal of cells from a tumor by way of a hollow needle and syringe – cells are then analyzed by a veterinary clinical pathologist; this procedure is also called needle biopsy
  • Five-Year-Survival A term commonly used as the statistical basis for successful treatment. A patient with cancer is generally considered cured after five or more years without recurrence of the disease
  • Flow-Cytometry A procedure used to evaluate the risk of recurrence of certain cancers by measuring the amount of DNA in cells. An abnormal amount (either too much to too little) may indicate a recurrence. This sophisticated technique, which measures DNA in just minutes, can help predict the recurrence of breast, prostate, and bladder cancers.
  • Fluorescein-Angiography The process of taking X-rays of blood vessels that have been injected with a special dye. The dye allows to person viewing the X-ray to see the blood vessels.
  • Follow-up When treatment is complete the periodic visits to the physician are needed to monitor the patient and ensure there has been no recurrence of the disease.
  • Fractions (RT) the radiotherapy dose is divided into a number of smaller doses (known as fractions) to reduce the risk of side effects. There is normally one fraction per day.
  • G
  • gallium scan  a diagnostic test that involves injecting a chemical called gallium to detect tumors and inflammation.
  • gastrostomy tube (g-tube)  a soft rubber feeding tube surgically placed from the outside of the body directly to the stomach, maintained to allow food to bypass the mouth and esophagus
  • Gene Hereditary unit. Each gene carries the genetic code, or blue print, for a specific protein. Each human cell has about 80,000 genes, but most of these are not active in a given type of cell
  • gene therapy  a new and rapidly growing field of medicine that uses altered and engineered genes to correct specific disorders or genetic defects.
  • genetic counseling  involves studying family history, medical records, and genetics to evaluate and determine potential risk factors and disorders that might be inherited by a child. Genetic counseling can also provide clues as to how a disorder or disease can be prevented.
  • genetic testing  tests that determine whether someone carries genes for certain inherited disorders. Genetic tests are done by analyzing small samples of blood or body tissues.
  • genetics  the study of the way physical traits and characteristics get passed down from one generation to the next. This is also called heredity. Genetics includes the study of genes, which have a special code called DNA that determines what you will look like and whether you are likely to have certain illnesses.
  • germ cell tumors  tumors that begin in germ cells, or the reproductive cells in the body.
  • germ cells  reproductive cells that develop into sperm in males and eggs in females.
  • grade  how abnormal or aggressive a cancer is, as determined by biopsy; grade is often a number from 1-5, 1 being the “best,” or least abnormal, and 5 being the “worst,” but other grading schemes are sometimes used, so ask your vet to explain what the grade of a particular cancer means; the grade of malignancy along with its stage (see below), determines what treatment is best and give a general idea of the dog’s prognosis
  • grade  a grade for cancer that indicates how aggressive it is. The lower the grade, the less aggressive the cancer and the greater the chance for a cure. The higher the grade, the more aggressive the cancer and the harder it may be to cure.
  • Granulocyte Type of white blood cell; includes the basophil, eosinophil, and neutrophil (or poly), which is the infection-fighting cell.
  • growth factor  a substance that effects how cells grow and divide. Growth factors are proteins produced naturally in the body, but some can be produced in a lab and used as part of immunotherapy.
  • H
  • Haematology The branch of medicine that specializes in the study and treatment of blood and blood tissues (including bone marrow).
  • Haemoglobin The oxygen-carrying pigment of the red blood cells; combines with oxygen from the lungs and carries it to the body's cells.
  • Hamartoma A benign nodule / overgrowth of normal mature cells that are normally located in the affected part of the body, usually with one particular type of cell predominating.
  • hematologist  a doctor who specializes in blood disorders.
  • hematopoietic cell  a blood-forming cell (stem cell).
  • hemoglobin  a substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen through the blood to different parts of the body.
  • Hemorrhage Bleeding
  • hepatoblastoma  a type of liver cancer.
  • herbal and botanical medicine  products created from herbs and other plants that are used for medical purposes
  • Histopathology the study of cells relating to the disease. (Histology is the microscopic study of cells and tissues, Pathology is the study of the disease). The histopathologist will determine a precise diagnosis by laboratory tests and microscopic examination of the cells.
  • Hodgkin's-Disease A malignancy of the lymph tissue (lymphoma) that occurs most often in males, and the peak incidence is between ages 15 and 35. It is characterized by progressive, painless enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and general lymph tissue.
  • homeopathic medicine  a treatment option involving very dilute remedies made from naturally occurring substances
  • hospice care  compassionate care administered to an animal patient prior to euthanasia but after cancer therapy stops working
  • hospice  a special type of care for people who are in the last phase of an illness. This type of care can be either inpatient or outpatient.
  • Hypercalcemia the most common life-threatening metabolic disorder associated with neoplastic diseases, occurring in an estimated 10%-20% of all persons with cancer. Carcinomas of the breast, lung, head and neck, kidney, and certain hematologic malignancies, particularly multiple myeloma, are most frequently associated with hypocalcaemia.
  • Hyperfractionated-Radiotherapy is where more than one radiotherapy fraction is given per day.
  • Hypophosphataemia abnormally low levels of phosphate in the blood
  • Hypoplasia incomplete / under development of a part of the body.
  • I
  • I-131 Radioactive Iodine. Iodine is readily up taken by the thyroid gland, therefore I-131 may be used in small doses for monitoring thyroid tissues (thyroid scanning or "I-131 challenge") or in large doses for treating thyroid cancer ("ablative" I-131).
  • imaging studies  safe and painless tests that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the body's organs and structures. Imaging studies for cancer include X-rays, CAT scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound.
  • immune modulation therapy  stimulation of the immune system in very specific ways to assist in killing cancer cells
  • Immune-System The body system, made up of many organs and cells, that defends the body against infection, disease, and foreign substances. The immune system is often stimulated in specific ways to fight cancer cells.
  • immunoaugmentive therapy  an experimental cancer treatment that involves injecting blood products daily into the animal patient for the purpose of stimulating the pets immune system
  • Immunosuppression The prevention or suppression of the immune system. For example some drugs may have the side effect of dampening the immune system making the patient prone to infections.
  • Immunotherapy Treatment of disease by stimulating the body's own immune system. This is a type of therapy currently being researched as a treatment for cancer.
  • implant  in this case, radioactive material that is placed in or near cancer cells or a tumor to directly deliver radiation therapy.
  • Incidence The number of occurrences of a given disease within a population. Cancer incidence is the number of new cases of cancer diagnosed in one year. Data on the incidence of cancer are kept by regional and national cancer registries.
  • Incidence-Rate Calculated by dividing the number of new cases of a particular cancer during a given period of time by the number of people known to be at risk
  • incisional biopsy  a procedure in which the doctor opens the skin to remove a sample of suspicious tissue for purposes of diagnosis.
  • Informed-Consent is where patients agree to a treatment or randomization to a clinical trial having a reasonable understanding of it.
  • In-Situ In place; localized and confined to one area. In situ tumors are at an early stage of development, when the cancer cells are still confined to one layer of tissue. In situ cancers tend to have a high cure rate
  • Interferon interferons: are Proteins produced by the body with the specific purpose of regulating cell functions. Interferons are produced in the laboratory in large quantities, and are sometimes used in the treatment of certain cancers.
  • Interleukin-2 A hormone-like substance produced by the body (certain blood cells, specifically) that stimulates the growth of blood cells important to the body's immune system.
  • internal radiation  radiation therapy that usually requires a stay in the hospital for several days for careful monitoring. The radioactive material may be placed in small tubes that are implanted into the cancerous tumor or a body cavity, or swallowed or injected into the bloodstream.
  • Intravenous (IV) means into a vein.
  • invasive  a cancer that spreads outward from its point of origin into adjacent tissues
  • In-Vitro in an artificial environment. For example many cancer research experiments are in vitro (in the test tube), using cell cultures (cells grown in the lab); either from established cell lines or from material collected at biopsy/surgery.
  • irradiation  another term for radiation therapy
  • J
  • jejunostomy tube (J-tube)  a soft rubber feeding tube surgically placed directly into the small intestine, maintained to allow food to bypass the mouth, esophagus, and stomach
  • juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)  a cancer in which too many immature blood cells are made in the bone marrow. JMML is rare and occurs more often in children younger than 2 years old.
  • K
  • L
  • Laparoscopy A surgical procedure in which a tiny scope is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. It is used for a variety of procedures, and often to diagnose disease of the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity.
  • Laser-Therapy Treatment using a powerful, focused beam of light that produces intense heat used to burn away cancerous or damaged tissue.
  • Leukaemia A progressive, malignant disease of the blood and blood-forming organs, characterized by over-proliferation and development of leukocytes (a type of white blood cell). There are many different forms of leukemia.
  • leukocyte  another word for white blood cell. There are many types of white blood cells, including neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes.
  • Li-Fraumeni Syndrome A family cancer syndrome.
  • limb-salvage surgery  a procedure where a bone that has cancer is removed and the limb (usually an arm or leg) is saved from amputation by filling the gap with a bone graft or special metal rod.
  • Lobe A portion of an organ such as the liver, lung, breast, brain or thyroid.
  • Lobectomy Surgical resection of a lobe of an organ such as the liver or thyroid.
  • Localised An invasive neoplasm confined entirely to the organ of origin
  • locally invasive  a tumor that can spread to the tissues surrounding it.
  • Longitudanal Studies are studies where individuals are followed over time. A fixed population (cohort) may be monitored over a number of years.
  • lumbar puncture  a procedure in which a small amount of fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (the cerebrospinal fluid) is removed and examined. See also spinal tap.
  • Lumpectomy where only the lump and surrounding tissue is surgically removed. This is a less aggressive form of surgery than for example in mastectomy for breast cancer - where the whole breast is removed.
  • lymph vessels  vein-like structures that help carry lymph (a clear, watery fluid containing protein molecules, salts, glucose, urea, and other substances) throughout the body.
  • lymph  a clear, watery fluid containing protein molecules, salts, glucose, urea, and other substances that flows through its own vessels branching throughout the body. Lymph contains white blood cells, which are the germ fighters of the immune system.
  • lymphangiogram (LAG)  a medical test that uses injection of a dye and X-rays to examine the lymphatic system.
  • Lymphatic-System The tissues and organs that produce and store the white blood cells used to fight infection. This includes the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes.
  • Lymphedema this is the accumulation of lymph in the interstitial spaces, principally in the subcutaneous fat, due to a defect in the lymphatic system.
  • Lymph-Nodes These are small, bean-shaped organs that supply lymphoctyes (a type of white blood cell) to the bloodstream. They also filter out bacteria and other foreign substances from the lymph fluid that contains white blood cells. Lymph nodes (also called lymph glands) are located throughout the body.
  • Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that fights disease and infection by producing antibodies and other protective substances. There are 2 categories: a) B cells these recognize specific antigens and produce antibodies to combat them, and b) T cells which are produced in the lymph system, and work in conjunction with the immune system.
  • lymphocytic leukemia  a type of leukemia, or cancer of the blood and blood-forming tissue, that involves lymphocytes, white blood cells found in lymph nodes.
  • Lymphoma. A general term form for any disease of the lymphatic tissue characterized by abnormal, uncontrolled cell growth. Hodgkin's disease is a type of lymphoma.
  • M
  • Macrophage A type of white blood cell that assists in the body's fight against bacteria and infection by engulfing and destroying invading organisms.
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)  a safe and painless test that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed pictures of the body's organs and structures.
  • Magnetic-Resonance-Imaging (MRI) A technique used to image internal structures of the body, particularly the soft tissues (muscles, organs, tendons, etc.). An MRI image is often superior to a normal X-ray image.
  • Malignancy The tendency of certain diseases to become progressively worse. A malignancy is often resistant to treatment and can result in death.
  • Malignant Cancerous, spreading
  • malignant tumors  tumors that invade other tissues or destroy and replace normal cells
  • mammary tumors  are most commonly found in older female dogs who are either not spayed or who were spayed at an older age
  • Mammogram A screening and diagnostic technique that uses low-dose x-rays to find tumors in the breast.
  • manoma or melanosarcomael  a benign or malignant growth of the pigmented cells of the skin and mouth, common in the dog but rare in the cat; the malignant version of this tumor, called a melanosarcoma or malignant melanoma, can spread rapidly both into lymph channels and through the bloodstream
  • mass  a growth or tumor; a mass can be benign or malignant
  • massage therapy  medical treatment that involves manipulation of the body tissues with a focus on muscles, circulation, and the nervous system
  • mast cell tumor  a common skin tumor in the dog that is also seen occasionally in the cat; mast cell tumors can metastasize to other sites in the body, usually by the lymph nodes and lymph channels
  • Mastectomy surgical removal of the whole breast, in radical mastectomy the chest muscles and under-arm lymph nodes are also removed.
  • medical history  information about a person's past health, their family's health, and other issues.
  • Medulloblastoma Is a tumor arising in a part of the brain stem called the medulla. It is nearly always found in children or young adults, 80% are found in children aged under 15. It can spread from the medulla (part of the brain stem) to the spine or to other parts of the body. Prognosis will depend on the child's age, how much of the tumor remains following surgery, and whether the cancer has metastasized.
  • Melanocytes Special cells in the skin and the eye that produce melanin or pigment. Clusters of melanocytes often appear on the skin as moles. melanin: The pigment produced by the body that gives skin and irises (the colored portion of the eye) their color. Melanin also helps protect the skin from the sun's damaging rays.
  • Melanoma Cancer that begins in the melanocytes and spreads to other skin cells. Melanoma appears on the skin and looks like a new or changing mole.
  • meridians  parallel channels of energy that flows throughout the body and are modified with the application of acupuncture
  • Merkel cell cancer Merkel cell cancer (also known as trabecular cancer, or neuroendocrine cancer of the skin) is a rare type of malignancy developing on or just beneath the skin. These tumors can develop at any age, but the peak incidence is between ages 60 - 80. They are more frequent in white people, the most common sites of diseases are the face or scalp and other areas of high sun exposure.
  • Meta-Analysis is where data from a number of studies are lumped together in order to provide evidence for or against a hypothesis.
  • Metastasis Where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body beyond the primary site. Metastatic sites (secondary) my be regional or distant from the original tumors.
  • Monoclonal-Antibody An antibody produced in the laboratory that can target specific antigens (substances that provoke an immune response). They can be made in large quantities, and are being tested for their use in cancer diagnosis and treatment.
  • Morbidity Any departure, subjective or objective, from a state of physiological or psychological well-being. In this sense, sickness, illness, and a morbid condition are synonymous.
  • Mortality Looking at the death rates caused by a disease.
  • mucositis  a side effect of radiation therapy in which the mucous membranes that line the mouth develop irritation and ulceration; mucositis is a temporary event
  • multifocal  a term used to indicate that disease is present in more than one location in the body
  • Multiple-Myeloma A cancer of the white blood cells found in the bone marrow.
  • mutation  any change in a gene.
  • Myelodysplasia Abnormal production and maturation of blood cells; often leading to deficiency of red cells, white cells and platelets; sometimes leading to bone marrow failure or leukemia.
  • myelogram  a medical test that uses X-rays to examine the spine.
  • myelosuppression  lack of production of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the bone marrow, often caused by damage induced by chemotherapy
  • N
  • nasgastric tube (N-G tube)  a small-diameter, soft rubber tube that is passed through a nostril, through the nasal passages, and down the esophagus into the stomach for delivery of liquid nutrients, bypassing the mouth
  • needle biopsy  removal of cells from a tumor by way of a hollow needle and syringe; the cells are then analyzed by a veterinary clinical pathologist; this procedure is also called fine needle aspirate
  • Neoplasm A new growth of tissue serving no physiological function
  • nephrologist  a doctor who diagnoses and treats kidney problems.
  • Nephrotoxicity Some anti cancer drugs may have the side effect of damaging the kidneys, for example ifosfamide and cisplatin are known to be nephrotoxic. There are two categories; glomerular and tubular toxicity relating to the two main areas of the nephron. In studies of ifosfamide the degree of nephrotoxicity is thought to be related to the cumulative dose, but there is a good deal of variability between patients.
  • Neuroblastoma Neuroblastoma occurs most often in babies, young children. It is a disease in which cancer cells are found in certain nerve cells in the body, it originates in the adrenal medulla or other sites of sympathetic nervous system tissue. The most common site is the abdomen, either in the adrenal glands or around the spinal cord. The majority of patients present with metastasis disease. Age and stage are the main prognostic factors. Patients aged under one year at diagnosis have a more favourable prognosis. Stage 4S are a special group of patients aged under one year whose neuroblastoma may undergo spontaneous regression (tumor disappears without treatment). Also patients aged under one a higher proportion of low stage patients compared to older patients. There is an excess of males compared to females, there are a higher proportion of males in patients with less favorable sites and stage.
  • neurosurgeon  a surgeon who specializes in the brain and nervous system.
  • Neutropenia below normal levels of leukocytes in the blood. Febrile-neutropenia (neutropenia with fever) is a common toxicity following chemotherapy.
  • Neutrophil Type of white blood cell; also called a poly; granulocyte; the body's primary defense against harmful bacteria.
  • neutrophil  a type of white blood cell, the body's main defense against illness and infection.
  • Non-Hodgkin's-Lymphoma Any kind of cancer of the lymph tissues other than Hodgkin's disease
  • nutritional therapy  the use of specific nutrients of lifestyle diets to treat disease
  • O
  • Oedema abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces.
  • oncogenes  genes that cause cells to grow and duplicate. Under certain circumstances, oncogenes can mutate and cause cells to grow abnormally, leading to cancer.
  • Oncologist A physician who, after extensive training, specializes in cancer treatment.
  • Oncology A science dealing with the physical, chemical, and biologic properties and features of cancer, including causes and the disease process.
  • ophthalmologist  an ophthalmologist, or eye doctor, treats all kinds of eye problems and does surgery on the eye if needed.
  • orthovoltage therapy  another term for radiation therapy
  • Osteogenic Sarcoma Osteogenic Sarcoma (osteosarcoma) is a bone forming cancer. It is the most frequent type of bone tumor and is most common between the ages of 15 to 25. Over 90% of tumors are located in the metaphysis (the growing ends of the bone), the most common sites are the long bones of the legs. Most tumors are solitary, around 2% are multifocal (2 or more bones). It is known that osteosarcoma can be radiation induced. Osteosarcomas vary greatly in radiological and pathological features and therefore needs careful diagnosis to differentiate this from other bone tumorss. Most are high grade intramedullary osteosarcomas, about 5% are low grade lesions, some are secondary osteosarcomas (for example those caused by radiation therapy).
  • Osteomyelitis inflammation of bone - infection
  • Osteoporosis reduction in bone mass = prone to fractures
  • osteosarcoma  a type of cancer originating in bone; this tumor is commonly seen in the dog, especially in the large or giant breeds; it is most frequently found in the bones of the legs; osteosarcomas are particularly malignant, spreading rapidly through the body via the bloodstream
  • ovariohysterectomy  surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries from the female animal
  • P
  • Paediatric-Oncology The branch of medicine which specializes in the study and treatment of childhood cancer. Treating children requires different considerations compared with adult oncology, for example potential treatment side effects may be different to those in adults. Because of the differences between childhood and adult cancers most children are treated in specialist pediatric oncology units, in the UK about 80% of children are treated at a UKCCSG centre.
  • Paget's-Disease Not a cancer. Paget's disease is the most common bone disorder characterized by irregular thickening and softening of the bones. The disease is more common after the age of 40, and is frequent in those of European descent but rare in Asians. These is an association with this (non malignant) disease and bone cancer, up to 10% of those with Paget's disease will have a 'sarcomatous transformation' of affected bones giving rise to bone sarcoma. This may be osteosarcoma, fibro sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, or other bone sarcomas.
  • Palliative-treatment treatment which relieves the symptoms and pain.
  • Pancytopenia deficiency of all types of blood cells.
  • Pap-Test This is a simple microscopic examination of cells, which can detect cancer of the cervix at an early stage.
  • paraneoplastic event or syndrome  a symptom or set of symptoms that result from cancer, but which are felt in the body far from the original tumor site
  • Parenteral-Feeding A method of delivering nutrition or other substances directly into a vein. Fluids given usually include salt (saline), glucose, amino acids, electrolytes, vitamins, and medications.
  • Pathologist A doctor who specializes in the nature, structure, and identification of disease.
  • Pathology The branch of medicine concerned with disease, especially its structure and its functional effects on the body.
  • pediatric oncologist  a doctor who specializes in treating children who have cancer.
  • pediatrician  a physician who specializes in the physical, emotional, and social health of children from birth through adolescence. The primary focus of pediatrics is on preventive health care.
  • Peripheral-Blood The blood in the bloodstream.
  • Peripheral-Blood-Stem-Cell-Rescue (PBSC)
  • Petechiae Tiny red dots on the skin due to bleeding under the skin caused by low platelet count.
  • Phagocytosis Cell eating: the engulfment and destruction of dangerous microorganisms or cells by certain white blood cells, including neutrophils
  • pharmacological and biological therapy  treatment options involving drugs, vaccines, or other materials (e.g. shark cartilage) not yet accepted by the traditional medical establishment
  • Phase-I Clinical Trial Tests new types of treatment and aim to define a safe dose that will be used for further studies. This is usually the first testing of a treatment on humans after extensive laboratory work. Recruitment for Phase I trials are usually from patients for whom no other effective therapy is known.
  • Phase-II Clinical Trial Test the anti-cancer effects of the new treatment, and include very detailed toxicity investigations. If there is effective antitumoractivity, it may be incorporated in a future phase III study.
  • Phase-III Clinical Trial Compare one or more treatments of proven efficacy. Often patients will be randomized between an established 'standard' treatment and a new 'experimental' treatment - it is not known which is the better treatment. .
  • Photocoagulation A cancer treatment in which a laser is used to destroy blood vessels entering a tumor so that the tumor will be starved of oxygen and nutrients.
  • physical therapist  a specialist who uses exercises, stretches, and other techniques to help patients improve mobility, decrease pain, and reduce any disability related to illness or injury.
  • Plasma A colorless fluid which contains water and other components in which red cells, white cells, and platelets are suspended.
  • Plasma-Cells White blood cells
  • Platelets A blood component that is instrumental in clot formation, which stops bleeding in injured areas and prevents hemorrhage. Blood cell fragments containing clotting factors which prevent bleeding and bruising.
  • Polyp A benign growth protruding from a mucous membrane, commonly found in the nose, uterus, and rectum. Certain polyps, particularly those found in the colon, can become cancerous and may require surgical removal.
  • port (or treatment port)  a medical device inserted under the skin and attached to a vein that allows medications, blood products, and nutrients to be given intravenously. A port eliminates the need for repeated needle sticks to start an IV line or draw blood.
  • preemptive pain management  medicating to prevent pain and discomfort
  • primary site  in this case, the organ or area in the body where cancer begins. Type of cancer is always identified by its primary site, even it metastasizes, or spreads. For instance, if cancer begins in the liver but spreads to other organs, it is still classified as liver cancer.
  • primary tumor  the first, or original, tumor as opposed to one that has spread from another location
  • Prognosis is the expected outcome of a disease. This may be influenced by a variety of factors such as stage, age, site etc. depending on the particular type of cancer. For example, in general a patient with localized disease may have a more favorable prognosis compared to a patient with widespread disease which may be less favorable.
  • Prostate-Gland A gland in men that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra. The prostate contributes to the production of seminal fluid.
  • Prostate-Specific-Antigen test (PSA) test. A simple blood test used to detect prostate cancer in men. The test measures a specific antigen normally secreted by the prostate. If cancer is developing, the prostate secretes greater amounts of PSA. This test is recommended for men with an enlarged prostate and an increased risk of prostate cancer.
  • Prosthesis an artificial replacement e.g. for an amputated limb.
  • protein  molecules that help the body function properly. The body uses protein from food to make specialized protein molecules that, for instance, make hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Other proteins maintain muscles, bones, blood, and body organs.
  • protocol  the “recipe” of drugs used to treat a particular tumor, along with the doses and the schedule for administration of each drug
  • Pruritus -Severe itching. Possibly due to a drug reaction.
  • Pyrexia fever / abnormally high body temperature
  • Q
  • R
  • radiation oncologist  a medical specialist who plans, prescribes, and administers radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer
  • radiation therapist  a professional who is specially trained to operate equipment that delivers radiation therapy.
  • Radiation-Enteritis functional disorder of the large and small bowel that occurs during or following a course of radiotherapy to the abdomen, pelvis, or rectum.
  • Radiatiotherapy Cancer treatments which utilize high-energy waves or particles of radiation.
  • radiograph  the image produced on special film when X rays are passed through a part of the body;  the x-rays are blocked to varying degrees by the tissues of the body, producing many shades of gray on the radiograph; denser tissues like bone block more x-rays and appear white, soft tissues like muscle block fewer x-rays and appear gray, and air blocks no x-rays and appear black
  • radiologist  a doctor who specializes in reading and interpreting X-rays and scans.
  • Radiology The branch of medicine dealing with radioactive substances including the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
  • radiotherapy  another term for radiation therapy
  • Radiotherapy-Field the area towards which the radiotherapy was directed.
  • Recessive (genetics) if the required allele (a type of gene) is not present in both members of a pair of chromosomes then that allele is not expressed. A mutation is said to be recessive if an individual must inherit two copies of the mutant gene, one from each parent, to show the mutant trait. Individuals with one mutant and one normal gene appear normal. They are called Ã’carriersÓ.
  • recurrence  return of cancer after it has been treated
  • Red-Blood-Cell red blood cell (erythrocyte): Oxygen-carrying cell in the blood which contains the pigment hemoglobin; produced in the bone marrow.
  • Reed-Sternberg cells  large, unusual cells that are a sign of Hodgkin disease. These cells are detected under a microscope after a biopsy.
  • Reed-Sternberg-Cell A type of cell that indicates the presence of Hodgkin's disease. The number of these cells increases as the disease progresses.
  • Refractory This is where the cancer is resistant to treatment.
  • regimen  a treatment plan or system. For cancer treatment, a regimen can include things like diet and exercise.
  • Regional A tumor that has extended beyond the limits of the organ where it started, growing directly into surrounding organs or tissues, but has not spread to distant parts of the body.
  • Relapse This is when the disease reoccurs after a period in remission.
  • Remission is where the symptoms of cancer are no longer present. There is no longer any evidence of the disease using the available investigations.
  • Resection Surgical removal of an area of tissue or of an entire organ. The surgical specimen may be examined by a pathologist to determine if it is likely to have removed all of the tumors. If there is any tumor left after surgery this may be macroscopic (visible to the eye) or microscopic, in either case radiotherapy may be needed to kill the remaining tumorcells.
  • retinoblastoma  a malignant tumor of the eye that usually appears in the first 3 years of life.
  • rhabdomyosarcoma  a tumor that grows in the soft tissues of the skeletal muscles (the body's muscles that a person controls for movement). Though these cancers can occur anywhere in the body, rhabdomyosarcomas most frequently happen within the muscles in the trunk, arms, or legs.
  • Rickets disease-disturbance of normal ossification- bending and distortion of bones. Normally caused by vitamin D defficiency or possibly a dysfunction of the kidneys.
  • Risk Factors Anything that has been identified as increasing an individual's chance of getting a disease.
  • S
  • Sarcoma. A cancerous growth of the bone, muscle, or connective tissues, usually appearing first as a painless swelling.
  • Screening Tests that sort out apparently well persons who probably have a disease from those who probably do not. If positive, they would be referred to a physician for diagnosis.
  • secondary tumor  tumors made up of cells that have spread (metastasized) from the primary site to somewhere else in the body.
  • serum  biochemical profile blood tests that evaluate organ system functions, blood sugar, and levels of minerals in the body
  • side effects  unwanted reactions or effects to medication or therapy. In cancer treatment, common side effects include hair loss and fatigue.
  • Sigmoidoscopy A procedure in which a scope is used to view the sigmoid flexure, a part of the colon that's shaped like the letter S.
  • Skin-Cancer Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer and accounts for half of all new cancers in Western populations. It occurs more often in people with light colored skin who have had a high exposure to sunlight. The two most frequent types of skin cancer are Basal Cell Carcinomas and Squamous Cell Carcinoma (often grouped under "non-melanoma skin cancer"). The third most frequent skin cancer is Melanoma, this is a malignancy of the cells which give the skin it's color (melanocytes). In addition there are a number of other, less common cancers starting in the skin including Merkel cell tumors, cutaneous lymphomas, and sarcomas (see the pages on sarcoma and lymphoma in this guide).
  • spinal tap/lumbar puncture  a procedure in which a small amount of fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (the cerebrospinal fluid) is removed and examined.
  • Squamous-Cell-Carcinoma A type of skin cancer arising in squamous cells (the flat, scaly cells on the surface of the skin). Cure rates are very high when detected and treated early.
  • Stage Staging is where the disease is categorized as to how far it has spread. The precise staging system used will depend on the type of cancer the patient has. In general low stage patients are those with localized tumors that are easily delectable, whilst high stage patients are those with widespread metastases. The treatment given may largely depend upon which stage the patient is at diagnosis.
  • staging  an assessment of the extent of the tumor; the diagnostic procedures for staging are used to evaluate invasion of the tumor into bone or other surrounding tissue, cancer involvement in lymphatic and lymph nodes, and spread of tumor into other organs (hematogenous metastasis); tumors are usually described as Stage I, Stage II, Stage III, Stage IV, etc., depending on how far the tumor has spread; these stages are different for different kinds of cancer
  • staging  a way to categorize or classify patients according to how extensive the disease is at the time of diagnosis.
  • stem cell transplant  a procedure that involves introducing stem cells (cells found primarily in the bone marrow from which all types of blood cells develop) into the body in the hopes that the new cells will rebuild the immune system.
  • Stem-Cells A" generalized" cell whose division results in other specialized cells. Its descendents have the potential to develop into several different types of mature cells.
  • Surgery An operation
  • surgical pathologist (histopathologist)  a veterinary pathologist trained to identify and evaluate fixed, stained samples of tissue under the microscope
  • Surgical-Oncology Treatment of cancer using surgery, usually to remove cancerous tumors and tissue.
  • T
  • T-Cell A small lymphocyte, made in the bone marrow, that circulates through the bloodstream. T-cells have several functions, and are especially important in the body's immune response.
  • testicular cancer  cancer that originates in the testicles. The most common cancer in males ages 15-35, testicular cancer is almost always curable if it is caught and treated early.
  • Thrombocyte Platelet
  • Thrombocytopenia Low platelet count.
  • Thyroxine A hormone produced by the thyroid gland. It contains iodine which is essential for the body's normal growth, and metabolism. Following therapy for thyroid cancer many patients need to take thyroxin supplements in order to maintain normal weigh and body functions.
  • total parenteral nutrition (TNP)  a method of providing all necessary nutrients intravenously
  • Total-Body-Irradiation radiation to the whole body
  • Toxicity Side effects of treatment.
  • Trephine saw to remove a circular disk of bone for testing
  • Tumor An abnormal mass of tissue that is not inflammatory, arises from cells of pre-existent tissues, and serves no useful purpose. (UK spelling: tumors)
  • tumor margin  the border around a tumor’s outer perimeter that is carefully evaluated by the surgical pathologist to determine if all cancer cells have been removed at surgery
  • Tumor-Infiltrating-Lymphocytes Special cancer-fighting cells of the immune system found in tumors. In a type of experimental therapy, scientists harvest these cells from the tumor, grow them in a laboratory, and then return them to the patient with the hope of the cells destroying the tumor.
  • tumors-Marker A substance in the body that may indicate the presence of cancer. Markers may be secreted by the tumor itself or produced by the body in response to the cancer. tumor markers may aid diagnosis or give an indicator of how treatment is progressing. These markers are usually specific to certain types of cancer. For example neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is associated with a number of types of cancers, in particular neuroblastoma. Also alphafetoprotein (AFP) levels are often abnormally high in patients with Germ cell tumors.
  • U
  • Ultrasound The use of sound waves to image the underlying structures of the body. Ultrasonic waves are reflected differently depending on the type of tissue they pass through, aiding the detection of abnormal tissues.
  • unilateral  found on one side of the body; for example, cancer affecting only one kidney.
  • urinalysis  evaluation of the components of urine, including a microscopic examination and any cellular debris
  • urologist  a physician who specializes in diseases, disorders, and conditions of the urinary tract.
  • V
  • veterinary oncologist  a doctor who specializes in treating cancer
  • W
  • White-Blood-Cell infection-fighting cells (lymphocytes) which are found in the blood and bone marrow.
  • Wilms' tumors develops in the kidneys (also known as nephroblastoma). It is more common in children under 5 years of age and is quite different to adult kidney cancers. Prognosis will depend on stage and histology. The majority of patients present with tumor in one kidney, while some have tumor in both kidneys (bilateral). There are two histopathalogic groups; most patients have favorable histology while about 10% have unfavorable histology (anaplastic or sarcomatous).
  • X
  • X-Ray (1) Low dose radiation used to make images of internal body structures; or (2) High dose radiation used to treat cancer.
  • x-ray therapy  another term for radiation therapy
  • Y
  • Z


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